必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 前寒武纪碎屑岩沉积作用时间的限定:沉积自生磷钇矿定年-《地球科学与环境学报》
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[1]张艳斌,李秋立.前寒武纪碎屑岩沉积作用时间的限定:沉积自生磷钇矿定年[J].地球科学与环境学报,2017,39(06):711-720.
 ZHANG Yan-bin,LI Qiu-li.Determining the Depositional Age of Precambrian Clastic Sedimentary Rocks: Diagenetic Authigenic Xenotime Dating[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2017,39(06):711-720.
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第39卷
期数:
2017年第06期
页码:
711-720
栏目:
基础地质与矿产地质
出版日期:
2017-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Determining the Depositional Age of Precambrian Clastic Sedimentary Rocks: Diagenetic Authigenic Xenotime Dating
文章编号:
1672-6561(2017)06-0711-10
作者:
张艳斌李秋立
1.中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 岩石圈演化国家重点实验室,北京100029;2.中国科学院大学 地球科学学院,北京 100049
Author(s):
ZHANG Yan-bin LI Qiu-li
1. State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; 2. College of Earth Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
前寒武纪自生磷钇矿原位微区U-Pb定年碎屑沉积岩离子探针沉积时代长城系 
Keywords:
Precambrian authigenic xenotime in-situ micro U-Pb dating clastic sedimentary rock ion probe depositional age Changcheng System
分类号:
P597
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
沉积岩地层是研究古环境、古地理和构造演化历史等的重要素材。生物地层、火山岩夹层定年是最常用的且最精确的两种限定地层沉积时代的方法,然而对于前寒武纪地层,生物标志地层方法基本不能用,在缺乏夹层火山岩时,其沉积时代的确定成为地质年代学难题之一。近年来,碎屑沉积岩中自生磷钇矿的原位微区U-Th-Pb定年逐渐成为厘定沉积时代的有力测试手段。自生磷钇矿是在沉积作用发生之后,在沉积物与水体交界面以下,元素Y、稀土元素(REE)和磷酸盐供给充分的地方形成,因此,自生磷钇矿的形成时代近似于沉积时代。由于磷钇矿和锆石晶体结构相同,自生磷钇矿大多在碎屑锆石颗粒的表面形成三角锥状至不规则次生加大边。由于可能有类似产状的后期热液磷钇矿干扰,沉积岩中磷钇矿年龄解释存在一定的多解性。以长城系碎屑沉积岩磷钇矿定年为实例,总结了自生磷钇矿的特点、寻找和定位方法、年代学分析流程、数据解析和成因判别等。结果表明:长城系最下部的常州沟组粗砂岩中磷钇矿为热液成因,而上覆串岭沟组细砂岩中发育有沉积自生磷钇矿,其最老一组年龄为(1 716±3)Ma,限定了长城系的最小沉积时代。
Abstract:
Sedimentary rocks are important material to investigate paleoenvironment, paleogeography and tectonic evolution history. Biostratigraphy and volcanic rocks dating are two most commonly used and accurate methods to limit the depositional age. However, it is rather difficult to constrain the depositional age of Precambrian sedimentary rocks without volcanic interlayers, as the stratigraphical paleontology methods are hardly applicable for these rocks. Consequently, in-situ U-Th-Pb dating on authigenic xenotime is a powerful tool to constrain the depositional age of such kinds of rocks. Shortly after burial in siliciclastic sediments, the authigenic xenotime grows within tens of meters of the sediment-water interface, where Y, REE and phosphate are supplied sufficiently. Therefore, the forming age of authigenic xenotime is close to that of the sedimentary rock. In most cases, the authigenic xenotime occurs as pyramidal to irregular overgrowths on detrital zircon grains, because the crystal structure of xenotime is the same as that of zircon. Due to the indistinguishable petrography of hydrothermal xenotime and diagenetic xenotime, the age of xenotime shows multiple interpretations in sedimentary rocks. Taking the xenotime from the Changcheng System as an example, the characteristics and discrimination of authigenic xenotime, and the methods to search, locate, analyze authigenic xenotime, as well as to process the data were summarized. The results show that the xenotime in coarse-grained sandstone of the lowermost Changzhougou Formation is hydrothermal origin, while the xenotime in medium-fine sandstone of the Chuanlinggou Formation is diagenetic origin; the oldest age of (1 716±3)Ma is interpreted as the minimum depositional age of the Changcheng System.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-03-24
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41573048,41530208);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFE0203000)
作者简介:张艳斌(1973-),女,内蒙古赤峰人,副研究员,理学博士,E-mail:zhangyanbin@mail.iggcas.ac.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-12-15