必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 流域生态系统空间结构量化及其指标体系-《地球科学与环境学报》
|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王震洪,蔡庆华,赵 斌,等.流域生态系统空间结构量化及其指标体系[J].地球科学与环境学报,2021,43(01):135-149.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.05037]
 WANG Zhen-hong,CAI Qing-hua,ZHAO Bin,et al.Quantification of Spatial Structure for Watershed Ecosystem and the Corresponding Index Systems[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2021,43(01):135-149.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.05037]
点击复制

流域生态系统空间结构量化及其指标体系(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第43卷
期数:
2021年第01期
页码:
135-149
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2021-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Quantification of Spatial Structure for Watershed Ecosystem and the Corresponding Index Systems
作者:
王震洪1蔡庆华2赵 斌3徐耀阳4唐 涛2
(1. 长安大学 水利与环境学院,陕西 西安 710054; 2. 中国科学院水生生物研究所,湖北 武汉 430072; 3. 复旦大学 生命科学学院,上海 200433; 4. 中国科学院城市环境研究所,福建 厦门 361021)
Author(s):
WANG Zhen-hong1 CAI Qing-hua2 ZHAO Bin3 XU Yao-yang4 TANG Tao2
(1. School of Water and Environment, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, Shaanxi, China; 2. Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, China; 3. School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; 4. Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China)
关键词:
流域生态学 流域生态系统 空间结构 指标体系 集合生态系统 等级结构 高地(河)网间带 河网
Keywords:
Key words: watershed ecology watershed ecosystem spatial structure index system meta-ecosystem hierarchical structure highland inter-river zone river network
分类号:
P345; Q141
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2020.05037
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以流域作为山-水-林-田-湖-草生命共同体的研究尺度和载体,流域生态学在国家生态文明建设中所发挥的学科支撑作用日益重要。“流域生态系统结构-过程-功能-机制-调控”是流域生态学的研究范式,其中空间结构量化及其指标体系构建是流域生态学开展定量研究的一个关键途径。尽管流域生态系统空间结构量化的指标体系涉及到淡水生态学、陆地生态系统生态学、水土保持学、农业环境学和水利工程学等多个学科,但仍未在流域尺度上形成生态系统空间结构整合量化框架体系。基于此,总结了多个关联学科在流域生态系统空间结构量化的研究方法和成果,着重分析了流域生态学在流域尺度上量化生态系统空间结构的难点,并重点以等级结构和集合生态系统理论为基础构建了流域生态系统空间结构量化指标体系,包括流域整体指标、各结构成分指标和结构成分间关系指标,为量化流域生态系统空间结构和结构成分之间关系提供了新方法,对尝试推动流域生态学在山-水-林-田-湖-草生命共同体的耦合定量研究及评估应用具有重要的科学价值。
Abstract:
As the carrier and theoretical base of life community consisting of mountain-water-forest-field-lake-grass, watershed and watershed ecology are playing increasingly important roles in the construction of national ecological civilization. The structure-process-function-mechanism-regulation of watershed ecosystem and progressively variable emphasis on these contents is the research paradigm of watershed ecology, and the quantification of spatial structure and the construction of corresponding index systems are key to carry out quantitative research in watershed ecology. However, watershed ecology has not established its own endogenous model framework of index systems to describe the spatial structure of watershed ecosystem, which is able to make a close link between the structural components of watershed ecosystem, between land and water body, between upstream and downstream, or between terrestrial and aquatic organisms. The researches in watershed ecology are scattered in freshwater ecology, terrestrial ecosystem ecology, soil and water conservation, water conservancy engineering, agricultural environmental science, etc. The core theory of watershed ecology has not been significantly developed till now. Therefore, the bottleneck in the development of watershed ecology and the research methods and achievements of the quantitative characteristics of spatial structure describing watershed ecosystem were analyzed based on geography and landscape ecology. The progress on the quantitative characteristics of spatial structure describing watershed ecosystem developed with hierarchical mechanism theory and meta-ecosystem theory was also discussed. In order to provide methodology to quantify the spatial structure of watershed ecosystem and relationships between structural components in watershed ecosystem, the overall index and indices of structural components and structural component relationships of watershed ecosystem were suggested. The index systems will be of great scientific value for coupling quantitative research, estimation and application of watershed ecology on life community consisting of mountain-water-forest-field-lake-grass.

参考文献/References:

[1] 蔡庆华,吴 刚,刘建康.流域生态学:水生态系统多样性研究和保护的一个新途径[J].科技导报,1997,15(5):24-26.
CAI Qing-hua,WU Gang,LIU Jian-kang.Watershed Ecology:A New Approach for the Research and Conservation of Biodiversity in Water Ecosystem[J].Science and Technology Review,1997,15(5):24-26.
[2] 尚宗波,高 琼.流域生态学:生态学研究的一个新领域[J].生态学报,2001,21(3):468-473.
SHANG Zong-bo,GAO Qiong.Watershed Ecology:A New Research Area of Ecology[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2001,21(3):468-473.
[3] 邓红兵,王庆礼,蔡庆华.流域生态学:新学科、新思想、新途径[J].应用生态学报,1998,9(4):443-449.
DENG Hong-bing,WANG Qing-li,CAI Qing-hua.Watershed Ecology:New Discipline,New Idea and New Approach[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,1998,9(4):443-449.
[4] WARD J V.Riverine Landscapes:Biodiversity Patterns,Disturbance Regimes,and Aquatic Conservation[J].Biological Conservation,1998,83(3):269-278.
[5] YANG Z F.Watershed Ecology and Its Applications[J].Engineering,2018,4:582-583.
[6] 杨海军,内田泰三,盛联喜,等.受损河岸生态系统修复研究进展[J].东北师大学学报(自然科学版),2004,36(1):95-100.
YANG Hai-jun,NEITIAN Tai-san,SHENG Lian-xi,et al.Advances in Studies on the Restoration of the Damaged Riparian Ecosystem[J].Journal of Northeast Normal University(Natural Science Edition),2004,36(1):95-100.
[7] 潘家华.以习近平生态文明思想为指导建设美丽中国[N].光明日报,2019-03-26(5).
PAN Jia-hua.Building Beautiful China Under the Guidance of XI Jin-ping’s Ecological Civilization Thought[N].Guangming Daily,2019-03-26(5).
[8] 蔡庆华,唐 涛,刘建康.河流生态学研究中的几个热点问题[J].应用生态学报,2003,14(9):1573-1577.
CAI Qing-hua,TANG Tao,LIU Jian-kang.Several Research Hotspots in River Ecology[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2003,14(9):1573-1577.
[9] 唐 涛,黎道丰,潘文斌,等.香溪河河流连续统特征研究[J].应用生态学报,2004,15(1):141-144.
TANG Tao,LI Dao-feng,PAN Wen-bin,et al.River Continuum Characteristics of Xiangxi River[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2004,15(1):141-144.
[10] 王志强,崔爱花,缪建群,等.淡水湖泊生态系统退化驱动因子及修复技术研究进展[J].生态学报,2017,37(18):6253-6264.
WANG Zhi-qiang,CUI Ai-hua,MIU Jian-qun,et al.Research Progress on the Driving Factors of Freshwater Lake Ecosystem Degradation and Associated Restoration Techniques[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2017,37(18):6253-6264.
[11] YIN X A,YANG Z F,ZHANG E Z,et al.A New Method of Assessing Environmental Flows in Channelized Urban Rivers[J].Engineering,2018,4:590-596.
[12] POTTER K,CUBBAGE F,BLANK G B,et al.A Watershed-scale Model for Predicting Nonpoint Pollution Risk in North Carolina[J].Environmental Management,2004,34(1):62-74.
[13] 陈求稳,欧阳志云.流域生态学及模型系统[J].生态学报,2005,25(5):1184-1190.
CHEN Qiu-wen,OUYANG Zhi-yun.Watershed Ecology and Modeling System[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2005,25(5):1184-1190.
[14] 阎水玉,王祥荣.流域生态学与太湖流域防洪、治污与可持续发展[J].湖泊科学,2001,13(1):1-8.
YAN Shui-yu,WANG Xiang-rong.Watershed Ecology,Flood Disaster Control,Water Pollution Control and Sustainable Development in Taihu Basin[J].Journal of Lake Science,2001,13(1):1-8.
[15] 王震洪,吴永贵,张崇玉,等.云贵高原典型陆地生态系统研究(Ⅱ):典型流域陆地生态系统、水生态过程与面源污染控制[M].北京:科学出版社,2013.
WANG Zhen-hong,WU Yong-gui,ZHANG Chong-yu,et al.Typical Terrestrial Ecosystems in Yun-Gui Plateau in China(Ⅱ):Typical Watershed Terrestrial Ecosystems,Water Ecological Processes and Non-point Source Pollution Control[M].Beijing:Science Press,2013.
[16] 杨海乐,陈家宽.流域生态学的发展困境:来自河流景观的启示[J].生态学报,2016,36(10):3084-3095.
YANG Hai-le,CHEN Jia-kuan.Watershed Ecology in a Dilemma:Inspiration in Riverine Landscape Analysis[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2016,36(10):3084-3095.
[17] FORMAN R T.Some General Principles of Landscape and Regional Ecology[J].Landscape Ecology,1995,10(3):133-142.
[18] 傅伯杰,陈利顶,马克明,等.景观格局原理和应用[M].北京:科学出版社,2001.
FU Bo-jie,CHEN Li-ding,MA Ke-ming,et al.Landscape Ecology Principle and Application[M].Beijing:Science Press,2001.
[19] 茹克亚·萨吾提,阿斯娅·曼力克,李 虎,等.乌鲁木齐山地草地生态系统服务价值变化评估:基于遥感与GIS[J].生态学报,2020,40(2):522-539.
RUKEYA Sawut,ASIYA Manlike,LI Hu,et al.Spatio-temporal Changes of Grassland Ecosystem Service Values in Urumqi City Based on the RS and GIS[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2020,40(2):522-539.
[20] 赵彦伟,汪思慧,于 磊,等.流域景观格局变化的河流生物响应研究进展[J].生态学杂志,2010,29(6):1228-1234.
ZHAO Yan-wei,WANG Si-hui,YU Lei,et al.Responses of River Organisms to Watershed Landscape Pattern Change:A Review[J].Chinese Journal of Ecology,2010,29(6):1228-1234.
[21] 赵 鹏,夏北成,秦建桥,等.流域景观格局与河流水质的多变量相关分析[J].生态学报,2012,32(8):2331-2341.
ZHAO Peng,XIA Bei-cheng,QIN Jian-qiao,et al.Multivariate Correlation Analysis Between Landscape Pattern and Water Quality[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2012,32(8):2331-2341.
[22] 冯异星,罗格平,周德成,等.近50 a土地利用变化对干旱区典型流域景观格局的影响:以新疆玛纳斯河流域为例[J].生态学报,2010,30(16):4295-4305.
FENG Yi-xing,LUO Ge-ping,ZHOU De-cheng,et al.Effects of Land Use Change on Landscape Pattern of a Typical Arid Watershed in the Recent 50 Years:A Case Study on Manas River Watershed in Xinjiang[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2010,30(16):4295-4305.
[23] 巩 杰,赵彩霞,谢余初,等.基于景观格局的甘肃白龙江流域生态风险评价与管理[J].应用生态学报,2014,25(7):2041-2048.
GONG Jie,ZHAO Cai-xia,XIE Yu-chu,et al.Ecological Risk Assessment and Management of Bailongjiang Watershed,South Gansu Based on Landscape Pattern[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2014,25(7):2041-2048.
[24] RANDHIR T O,TSVETKOVA O.Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Landscape Pattern and Hydrologic Process in Watershed Systems[J].Journal of Hydrology,2011,404(1/2):1-12.
[25] RUTLEDGE J M,CHOW-FRASER P.Landscape Cha-racteristics Driving Spatial Variation in Total Phosphorus and Sediment Loading from Sub-watersheds of the Nottawasaga River,Ontario[J].Journal of Environmental Management,2019,234:357-366.
[26] 杨海乐,陈家宽.集合生态系统研究15年回顾与展望[J].生态学报,2018,38(13):4537-4555.
YANG Hai-le,CHEN Jia-kuan.Meta-ecosystem:Achievements in the First 15 Years and the Perspectives[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2018,38(13):4537-4555.
[27] PRICE K,JACKSON C R,PARKER A J,et al.Effects of Watershed Land Use and Geomorphology on Stream Low Flows During Severe Drought Conditions in the Southern Blue Ridge Mountains,Georgia and North Carolina,United States[J].Water Resource Research,2011,47(2):W02516.
[28] 赵 斌.流域是生态学研究的最佳自然分割单元[J].科技导报,2014,32(1):12.
ZHAO Bin.Watershed Is the Best Natural Segmentation Unit in Ecological Research[J].Science and Technology Review,2014,32(1):12.
[29] PENNOCK D J,ZEBARTH B J,JONG E D.Landform Classification and Soil Distribution in Hummocky Terrain,Saskatchewan,Canada[J].Geoderma,1987,40(3):297-315.
[30] 陆中臣,贾绍凤,黄克新.流域地貌系统[M].大连:大连出版社,1991.
LU Zhong-chen,JIA Shao-feng,HUANG Ke-xin.Watershed Geomorphic System[M].Dalian:Dalian Publishing House,1991.
[31] 许林书,长洪岩,李 琦.小流域地貌结构与农林牧综合发展关系的研究[J].东北师大学报(自然科学版),1998(3):95-101.
XU Lin-shu,CHANG Hong-yan,LI Qi,et al.A Study on the Relationship of Geomorphic Structure and Development of Agriculture,Forestry and Animal Husbandry Within Small Watershed[J].Journal of Northeast Normal University(Natural Science Edition),1998(3):95-101.
[32] 张国平,赵琳娜,许凤雯,等.基于流域结构分析的中国流域划分方案[J].北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2010,46(3):417-423.
ZHANG Guo-ping,ZHAO Lin-na,XU Feng-wen,et al.Study on Basin Partition Scheme Based on Watershed Structure Analysis[J].Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science),2010,46(3):417-423.
[33] 靳长兴.流域地貌结构中的定量关系及理论解释[J].陕西机械学院学报,1993,9(1):45-51.
JIN Chang-xing.Quantitative Relationship and Theoretical Explanation in Geomorphic Structure of River Basin[J].Journal of Shaanxi University of Mechanical Engineering,1993,9(1):45-51.
[34] WONDZELLS M,CUNNINGHAM G L,BACHELET D.Relationships Between Landforms,Geomorphic Processes,and Plant Communities on a Watershed in the Northern Chihuahuan Desert[J].Landscape Ecology,1996,11(6):351-362.
[35] 刘金涛,王爱花,韦 玉,等.流域地貌结构因子对径流特征的影响分析[J].水科学进展,2015,26(5):631-638.
LIU Jin-tao,WANG Ai-hua,WEI Yu,et al.Analyzing the Influence of Geomorphology Structure Factors on Runoff Characteristics of Catchment[J].Advances in Water Science,2015,26(5):631-638.
[36] KHANDAY M Y,JAVED A.Hydrological Investigations in the Semi-arid Makhawan Watershed,Using Morphometry[J].Applied Water Science,2017,7:3919-3936.
[37] 何福红,高丙舰,王焕芝,等.基于GIS的侵蚀冲沟与地貌因子的关系[J].地理研究,2013,32(10):1856-1864.
HE Fu-hong,GAO Bing-jian,WANG Huan-zhi,et al.Study on the Relationship Between Gully Erosion and Topographic Factors Based on GIS in Small Watershed of Jiaodong Peninsula[J].Geographic Research,2013,32(10):1856-1864.
[38] HORNBERGER G M,BEVEN K,COSBY B J,et al.Shenandoah Watershed Study:Calibration of a Topography-based,Variable Contributing Area Hydrological Model to a Small Forested Catchment[J].Water Resources Research,1985,21(12):1841-1850.
[39] FUJIMOTO M,OHTE N,TANI M.Effects of Hillslope Topography on Runoff Response in a Small Catchment in the Fudoji Experimental Watershed,Central Japan[J].Hydrological Processes,2011,25(12):1874-1886.
[40] NAIK G M.Diffusion Wave Based Modeling of Watershed for Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield Using FEM,GIS,and Remotely Sensed Data[C]∥FREVERT D K,POTTER K.Watershed Management Conference 2010:Innovations in Watershed Management Under Land Use and Climate Change.Madison:American Society Civil Engineers,2010:225-235.
[41] KRISHNA B,JAGANNATH A,ROTCHANATCH D.A Geospatial Approach to Assessing Soil Erosion in a Watershed by Integrating Socio-economic Determinants and the RUSLE Model[J].Natural Hazards,2015,75:321-329.
[42] WENG Y C.Spatiotemporal Changes of Landscape Pattern in Response to Urbanization[J].Landscape and Urban Planning,2007,81(4):341-353.
[43] LUCK M A,WU J.A Gradient Analysis of Urban Landscape Pattern:A Case Study from the Phoenix Metropolitan Region,Arizona,USA[J].Landscape Ecology,2002,17(4):327-339.
[44] 许申来,李秀珍,何兴元.岷江上游不同景观结构小流域水量平衡的比较[J].应用生态学报,2006,17(10):1832-1838.
XU Shen-lai,LI Xiu-zhen,HE Xing-yuan.A Comparison of Water Balance in Small Basins with Different Landscape Pattern in the Upper Reaches of Minjiang River[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2006,17(10):1832-1838.
[45] 王震洪,李 菊,余 丹,等.云贵高原典型陆地生态系统(Ⅲ):喀斯特植物生态、景观格局与水土流域[M].北京:科学出版社,2014.
WANG Zhen-hong,LI Ju,YU Dan,et al.Typical Terrestrial Ecosystems in Yun-Gui Plateau in China(Ⅲ):Karst Plant Ecology,Landscape Pattern and Soil Erosion[M].Beijing:Science Press,2014.
[46] 卢 玲,李 新,程国栋,等.黑河流域景观结构分析[J].生态学报,2001,21(8):1217-1224.
LU Ling,LI Xin,CHENG Guo-dong,et al.Analysis on the Landscape Structure of the Heihe Basin,Northwest China[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2001,21(8):1217-1224.
[47] LEE S W,HWANG S J,LEE S B,et al.Landscape Ecological Approach to the Relationships of Land Use Patterns in Watersheds to Water Quality Characteristics[J].Landscape and Urban Planning,2009,92(2):80-89.
[48] KANDLER M,BLECHINGER K,SEIDLER C,et al.Impact of Land Use on Water Quality in the Upper Nisa Catchment in the Czech Republic and in Germany[J].Science of the Total Environment,2017,586:1316-1325.
[49] 陈利顶,傅伯杰,赵文武.“源”“汇”景观理论及其生态学意义[J].生态学报,2006,26(5):1444-1449.
CHEN Li-ding,FU Bo-jie,ZHAO Wen-wu,et al.Source-sink Landscape Theory and Its Ecological Significance[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2006,26(5):1444-1449.
[50] 张爱静,董哲仁,赵进勇,等.流域景观格局分析研究进展[J].水利水电技术,2012,43(7):17-20.
ZHANG Ai-jing,DONG Zhe-ren,ZHAO Jin-yong,et al.Progress of Analysis and Research on Landscape Pattern of River Basin[J].Journal of Materials Sciences and Technology,2012,43(7):17-20.
[51] 陈俊华,慕长龙,龚固堂,等.官司河流域防护林结构调整及景观格局变化[J].山地学报,2010,28(1):85-95.
CHEN Jun-hua,MU Chang-long,GONG Gu-tang,et al.Structure Regulation of Protection Forest and Changes of Landscape Structure in Guansi River Watershed[J].Journal of Mountain Science,2010,28(1):85-95.
[52] 任嘉衍,刘慧敏,丁圣彦,等.伊河流域景观格局变化及其驱动机制[J].应用生态学报,2017,28(8):2611-2620.
REN Jia-yan,LIU Hui-min,DING Sheng-yan,et al.Landscape Pattern Change and Its Driving Mechanism in Yihe River Basin,China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2017,28(8):2611-2620.
[53] 刘怡娜,孔令桥,肖 燚,等.长江流域景观格局与生态系统水质净化服务的关系[J].生态学报,2019,39(3):844-852.
LIU Yi-na,KONG Ling-qiao,XIAO Yi,et al.Relationships Between Landscape Pattern and Ecosystem Water Purification Service in the Yangtze River Basin[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2019,39(3):844-852.
[54] 林炳青,陈兴伟,陈 莹,等.流域景观格局变化对洪枯径流影响的SWAT模型模拟分析[J].生态学报,2014,34(7):1772-1780.
LIN Bing-qing,CHEN Xing-wei,CHEN Ying,et al.Simulations and Analysis on the Effects of Landscape Pattern Change on Flood and Low Flow Based on SWAT Model[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2014,34(7):1772-1780.
[55] 孙天成,刘婷婷,褚 琳,等.三峡库区典型流域“源”“汇”景观格局时空变化对侵蚀产沙的影响[J].生态学报,2019,39(20):7476-7492.
SUN Tian-cheng,LIU Ting-ting,CHU Lin,et al.Effects of Temporal and Spatial Variations in Source-sink Landscape Patterns on Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield from Typical Watershed in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area,China[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2019,39(20):7476-7492.
[56] 樊 灏,黄 艺,曹晓峰,等.基于水生态系统结构特征的滇池流域水生态功能三级分区[J].环境科学学报,2016,36(4):1447-1456.
FAN Hao,HUANG Yi,CAO Xiao-feng,et al.Level Ⅲ Aquatic Ecological Function Regionalization in Dianchi Lake Basin Based on the Aquatic Ecosystem Structure[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2016,36(4):1447-1456.
[57] GONZALES-INCA C A,KALLIOLA R,KIRKKALA T,et al.Multiscale Landscape Pattern Affecting on Stream Water Quality in Agricultural Watershed,SW Finland[J].Water Resource Management,2015,29:1669-1682.
[58] CUO L,GIAMBELLUCA T W,ZIEGLER A D,et al.The Roles of Roads and Agricultural Land Use in Altering Hydrological Processes in Nam Mae Rim Watershed,Northern Thailand[J].Hydrological Process,2008,22(22):4339-4354.
[59] LOREAU M,MOUQUET N,HOLT R D.Meta-ecosystems:A Theoretical Framework for a Spatial Ecosystem Ecology[J].Ecology Letters,2003,6(8):673-679.
[60] 吕拉昌.试论我国西北内陆流域生态系统的特征:以塔里木河流域为例[J].干旱区资源与环境,1998,2(3):45-51.
LV La-chang.The Ecosystem Characteristics of the Inland Watershed of Northwest China:Taking Tarim River Basin as an Example[J].Journal of Arid Land Resource and Environment,1998,2(3):45-51.
[61] 李长安,陈 进,陈中原,等.长江流域水环境问题研究之思考:基于流域演化“山-河-湖-海互动理论”的认识[J].长江科学院院报,2009,26(5):11-17.
LI Chang-an,CHEN Jin,CHEN Zhong-yuan,et al.Consideration on Research of Water Environment of Yangtz River Basin[J].Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute,2009,26(5):11-17.
[62] JENERETTE G D,LAL R.Modeled Carbon Sequestration Variation in a Link Erosion-deposition System[J].Ecological Modelling,2007,200(1/2):207-216.
[63] GRAVEL D,GUICHARD F,LOREAU M,et al.Source and Sink Dynamics in Meta-ecosystems[J].Ecology,2010,91(7):2172-2184.
[64] LARGAESPADA C,GUICHARD F,ARCHAMBAULT P.Meta-ecosystem Engineering:Nutrient Fluxes Reveal Intraspecific and Interspecific Feedbacks in Fragmented Mussel Beds[J].Ecology,2012,93(2):324-333.
[65] JAGER C G,DIEHL S.Resource Competition Across Habitat Boundaries:Asysmmetric Interactions Between Benthic and Pelagic Producers[J].Ecological Monographs,2014,84(2):287-302.
[66] RYABOV A B,BLASIUS B.Depth of the Biomass Maximum Affects the Rules of Resource Competition in a Water Column[J].The American Naturalist,2014,184(5):132-146.
[67] LIU W Z,ZHANG Q F,LIU G H.Influences of Watershed Landscape Composition and Configuration on Lake-water Quality in the Yangtze River Basin of China[J].Hydrological Process,2012,26(4):570-578.
[68] 吴 刚,蔡庆华.流域生态学研究内容的整体表述[J].生态学报,1998,18(6):575-581.
WU Gang,CAI Qing-hua.Expression as a Whole of Research Content of the Watershed[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,1998,18(6):575-581.
[69] 王道军,龚建华,马蔼乃,等.整合等级与顺序的黄土高原小流域沟道结构理论研究[J].地理与地理信息科学,2007,23(4):1-4.
WANG Dao-jun,GONG Jian-hua,MA Ai-nai,et al.Theoretical Foundation on Network Structure Integrating Rank and Order of Small Watershed on the Loess Plateau[J].Geography and Geo-information Science,2007,23(4):1-4.
[70] 熊 森,刘 红,王 强,等.三峡库区东河河流等级及生态结构分析[J].重庆师范大学学报(自然科学版),2011,28(5):29-32.
XIONG Sen,LIU Hong,WANG Qiang,et al.Analysis of River Hierarchy and Ecological Structure of Donghe River in Three Gorges Reservoir Area[J].Journal of Chongqing Normal University(Natural Science Edition),2011,28(5):29-32.
[71] COHEN M,BROWN M.A Model Examining Hierarchical Wetland Networks for Watershed Stormwater Management[J].Ecological Modelling,2007,201(2):179-193.
[72] YEO I Y.Multistage Hierarchical Optimization for Land Use Allocation to Control Nonpoint Source Water Pollution[D].Columbus:The Ohio State University,2005.
[73] WANG Z H,WAN L,XU C M.Spectrums of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Leaching Loss from Different Land-use Types[J].Clean Soil Air Water,2018,46(9):1700538.
[74] 马 振,王震洪,陈 晨.都柳江上中下游急流-深潭-沙(砂)滩系统河道参数调查研究[J].山地农业生物学报,2014,33(1):49-52.
MA Zhen,WANG Zhen-hong,CHEN Chen.Investigation in River Channel Parameters of Riff-deep and Pool-sand Pank System in Duliujiang River[J].Journal of Mountain Agriculture Biology,2014,33(1):49-52.
[75] 陈 晨,王震洪,马 振,等.都柳江河道急流-深潭-沙(砾)滩系统水质差异研究[J].环境科学与技术,2015,38(3):182-188.
CHEN Chen,WANG Zhen-hong,MA Zhen,et al.Evaluations on the Difference of Water Quality of the Riffle-deep Pool-benchland Systems of Watercourses in Duliujiang River[J].Environmental Science and Technology,2015,38(3):182-188.
[76] WANG Z H,CHEN C,WU Q,et al.Microbial Abundance and Enzyme Activity in Sediments of the Rapid-pool-benchland Systems in the Natural Duliu River of China[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environmental Studies,2019,4(6):749-762.
[77] 吴 庆,王震洪,程 成.都柳江急流-深潭-河滩系统底质重金属分布与污染评价[J].山地农业生物学报,2014,33(6):66-71.
WU Qing,WANG Zhen-hong,CHENG Cheng.Eva-luation of Heavy Metal Pollution on Riffle-deep Pools-sand Bank Systems in Different Section Duliu River[J].Journal of Mountain Agriculture and Biology,2014,33(6):66-71.
[78] 程 成,王震洪,吴 庆.都柳江不同河段急流-深潭-沙(砾)滩系统底质酶活性研究[J].山地农业生物学报,2014,33(5):52-58.
CHENG Cheng,WANG Zhen-hong,WU Qing.Investigation of Enzymatic Activity in Sediments of Riffle-deep and Pool-sand Bank System in Different Section of Duliujiang River[J].Journal of Mountain Agriculture and Biology,2014,33(5):52-58.
[79] 阴晓路,许昌敏,张梦娇,等.贵州红枫湖大冲小流域农业面源污染负荷特征研究[J].长江流域资源与环境,2012,21(3):349-354.
YIN Xiao-lu,XU Chang-min,ZHANG Meng-jiao,et al.Characteristics of Non-point Source Pollutants in Dachong Small Watershed in the Upper Reach of Hongfeng Lake of Guizhou Province[J].Resources and Environment in Yangtze Basin,2012,21(3):349-354.
[80] 王震洪.流域生态学有关理论的思考:在两种思维模式下的流域生态学[C]∥中国生态学学会流域生态专业委员会.中国生态学会流域生态专业委员会成立大会暨首届流域生态论坛会议论文集.福州:中国生态学学会流域生态专业委员会,2018:378-379.
WANG Zhen-hong.Thoughts on Theories of Watershed Ecology:Watershed Ecology Under Two Modes of Thinking[C]∥Professional Committee on Watershed Ecology,Ecological Society of China.Proceedings of the Founding Meeting of the Watershed Ecology Committee of Ecological Society of China and the First Watershed Ecology Forum.Fuzhou:Professional Committee on Watershed Ecology,Ecological Society of China,2018:378-379.
[81] 蔡庆华.长江大保护与流域生态学[J].人民长江,2020,51(1):70-74.
CAI Qing-hua.Yangtze River Conservation and Watershed Ecology[J].Yangtze River,2020,51(1):70-74.
[82] UHALA S S,ZARNETSKE J P.Using tical Sensors to Study Dissolved Organic Carbon Dynamics of Streams and Watersheds:A Review[J].Science of the Total Environment,2017,575:713-723.
[83] YU T,DAI D,LEI K,et al.δ15N and Nutrient Stoichiometry of Water,Aquatic Organisms and Environmental Implications in Taihu Lake,China[J].Environmental Pollution,2018,237:166-173.
[84] DJUMA H,BRUGGEMAN A,CAMERA C,et al.Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods for Soil Erosion Assessments:An Application in a Sloping Mediterranean Watershed,Cyprus[J].Land Degradation and Development,2017,28(1):243-254.
[85] ZHANG Z M,VAN COILLIE F M B,DE WULF R,et al.Comparison of Surface and Planimetric Landscape Metrics for Mountainous Land Cover Pattern Quantification in Lancang Watershed,China[J].Mountain Research and Development,2011,32(2):213-225.

相似文献/References:

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-05-26; 修回日期:2020-07-15投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(300102299303); 国家自然科学基金项目(40861015)
作者简介:王震洪(1966-),男,云南牟定人,教授,博士研究生导师,理学博士,E-mail:w_zhenhong@126.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-03-10