必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 大气生物气溶胶的源排放与源解析研究进展-《地球科学与环境学报》
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[1]李彦鹏,马天峰,杜胜利,等.大气生物气溶胶的源排放与源解析研究进展[J].地球科学与环境学报,2021,43(02):315-331.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.11018]
 LI Yan-peng,MA Tian-feng,DU Sheng-li,et al.Review on Source Emission and Source Identification of Bioaerosols in the Atmosphere[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2021,43(02):315-331.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.11018]
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大气生物气溶胶的源排放与源解析研究进展(PDF)
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第43卷
期数:
2021年第02期
页码:
315-331
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2021-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review on Source Emission and Source Identification of Bioaerosols in the Atmosphere
文章编号:
1672-6561(2021)02-0315-17
作者:
李彦鹏12马天峰1杜胜利1谢雯文1张皓月1谢铮胜1
(1. 长安大学 水利与环境学院,陕西 西安 710054; 2. 长安大学 旱区地下水文与生态效应教育部重点实验室,陕西 西安 710054)
Author(s):
LI Yan-peng12 MA Tian-feng1 DU Sheng-li1 XIE Wen-wen1 ZHANG Hao-yue1 XIE Zheng-sheng1
(1. School of Water and Environment, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, Shaanxi, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Subsurface Hydrology and Ecological Effects in Arid Region of Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, Shaanxi, China)
关键词:
生物气溶胶 源排放 源解析 生物地理学 群落结构 土地利用类型 远距离输送 健康效应
Keywords:
bioaerosol source emission source identification biogeography community struc-ture land-use type long-distance transport health effect
分类号:
X513
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2020.11018
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
2019年新冠肺炎(COVID-19)的全球爆发引起了公众对生物气溶胶的广泛关注。生物气溶胶是大气气溶胶的重要组成部分。生物气溶胶由于具有普通气溶胶的理化性质和本身特有的生物学特性,在全球生态系统、气候变化、空气质量和公共卫生等领域均扮演十分重要的角色。然而,目前学术界对生物气溶胶的研究主要集中在采样监测、消杀防护以及其环境与健康效应等方面,关于源特性研究相对滞后。基于此,聚焦大气中微生物的来源现状,综述了最近20年来生物气溶胶的自然源和人为源排放特性研究进展,并阐述了影响源排放和输送过程的主要因素(如生物地理区域、土地利用类型和环境因素等),探讨了当前生物气溶胶的各种源解析方法。最后,给出了生物气溶胶来源下一步的研究展望,以期为深入理解生物气溶胶的来源、输送与变化机理,更好地评估大气微生物污染水平与监控病原体的气溶胶传播提供参考。
Abstract:
Recent pandemic outbreak of the corona-virus disease 2019(COVID-19)has raised widespread concerns about the importance of the bioaerosols. Bioaerosols are an important part of atmospheric aerosols. Due to its physico-chemical properties and inherent biological characteristics, bioaerosols play a key role in global ecosystem, climate change, air quality and public health. A large number of studies have been focused on the sampling and detection techniques of bioaerosols, disinfection protection, effects on health and environment. However, little is known about the source characteristics of bioaerosols. Therefore, the research status of airborne microbes source was focused, and the progress on the emission characteristics of natural and anthropogenic source of bioaerosols in the past 20 years was comprehensively summarized. Combined with our study, the main factors affecting the source emission and transport process were also highlighted, such as biogeographic regions, land-use types, and environmental factors. Subsequently, the various source analysis methods of current bioaerosols were discussed. Finally, the future work prospects of bioaerosols source characteristics were prospected. It is expected to provide reference for in-depth understanding of the source and transmission change mechanism of bioaerosols, and to better evaluate the level of atmospheric microbial pollution and monitor the aerosol transmission of pathogens.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-11-08; 修回日期:2021-02-20投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:陕西省自然科学基金项目(2020JM-236); 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0212206)
作者简介:李彦鹏(1973-),男,陕西泾阳人,教授,博士研究生导师,工学博士,E-mail:liyanp01@chd.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-15