必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 甘肃北山地区460金矿床植物地球化学异常形成的地学机制-《地球科学与环境学报》
|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]宋慈安,宋玮,丁汝福,等.甘肃北山地区460金矿床植物地球化学异常形成的地学机制[J].地球科学与环境学报,2016,38(06):766-777.
 SONG Ci-an,SONG Wei,DING Ru-fu,et al.Formation Geo-mechanism of Botanogeochemical Anomaly of 460 Au Deposit in Beishan Area of Gansu[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2016,38(06):766-777.
点击复制

甘肃北山地区460金矿床植物地球化学异常形成的地学机制(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第38卷
期数:
2016年第06期
页码:
766-777
栏目:
基础地质与矿产地质
出版日期:
2016-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Formation Geo-mechanism of Botanogeochemical Anomaly of 460 Au Deposit in Beishan Area of Gansu
文章编号:
1672-6561(2016)06-0766-12
作者:
宋慈安宋玮丁汝福雷良奇
1.桂林理工大学 广西隐伏金属矿产勘查重点实验室,广西 桂林 541004; 2.桂林理工大学 地球科学学院, 广西 桂林 541004; 3.广东工业大学 计算机学院,广东 广州 510006; 4.北京矿产地质研究院,北京 100145
Author(s):
SONG Ci-an SONG Wei DING Ru-fu LEI Liang-qi
1. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Hidden Metallic Ore Deposits Exploration, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China; 2. College of Earth Sciences, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China; 3. School of Computers, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China; 4. Beijing Research Institute of Geology for Mineral Resources, Beijing 100145, China
关键词:
植物地球化学异常金矿床红沙梭梭地学机制水盐运移荒漠甘肃
Keywords:
botanogeochemical anomaly Au deposit Reaumuria soongrica Haloxylon ammodendron geo-mechanism warer-salt transport desert Gansu 
分类号:
P593
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为探讨旱区荒漠植物地球化学异常形成的地学机制,选择甘肃北山地区460金矿床作为研究对象,进行了从基岩(矿)→覆盖层→植物的系统采样和多项目试验研究。结果表明:旱区荒漠覆盖条件下,金矿床地下水和土壤水携带的各种可溶性成分和成矿-伴生元素在外界潜在蒸发力。含水量及其变化梯度和植物吸收蒸腾等驱动力的作用下垂直向上运移;在垂向上,K、Na、Cl、Ca等元素淀积在上部,Au、Ag、Cu、Pb、Zn、As、Sb、Mo等成矿-伴生元素淀积在下部;在横向上,矿体及其上部覆盖层形成的相对氧化酸性环境形成了Au、Ag、Cu、Zn、As、Sb、Mo等元素相对高含量区,两侧基岩及其上部覆盖层形成的相对还原碱性环境形成了K、Na、Cl、Ca、Mg、Mn等元素相对高含量区;生长在矿体上部的植物吸收了较多的Au、Ag、Cu、As、Mo等元素,形成了植物地球化学异常;由于不同根深的植物吸取水分及元素的深度和基质类型不同,所以它们吸收的元素组合及含量也不相同;旱区荒漠覆盖条件下,植物地球化学异常的形成主要与地下水和土壤水将下部成矿-伴生元素搬运到上部植物根系所能达到的部位有关;不同根深的植物产生的地球化学异常元素组合?强度等特征具有一定的差异。
Abstract:
In order to understand the formation geo-mechanism of botanogeochemical anomaly in arid desert, the samples were collected from bedrock (ore), cover and plants of 460 Au deposit in Beishan area of Gansu, and the contents of water, pH and Eh values, element contents were measured, and the formation geo-mechanism model was built. The results show that a variety of soluble components, ore-forming and associated elements carried by groundwater and soil water move upward vertically by the action of driving forces including the external potential evaporation, water content and its gradient, and absorption and transpiration of plants in Au deposit covered by arid desert; K, Na, Cl and Ca are vertically rich in the upper part, and the ore-forming and associated elements (Au, Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn, As, Sb and Mo, etc.) are vertically rich in the lower part; laterally, the ore body and its upper covering layers, which are relative oxydic and acidic, are relatively high content areas of Au, Ag, Cu, Zn, As, Sb and Mo, but the bilateral bedrock and its upper covering layers, which are relative reductive and alkaline, are relatively high content areas of K, Na, Cl, Ca, Mg and Mn; the plants in the upper part of the ore body absorb more elements (Au, Ag, Cu, As and Mo, etc.), and the botanogeochemical anomaly is formed; the depths and matrix types of elements and water absorbed by plants with different depths of roots are not the same, so that the element association and contents absorbed by plants are different; the formation of botanogeochemical anomaly in arid desert is mainly related with the underground and soil waters which transport ore-forming and associated elements from the lower part to the upper part, so that the root of plant can absorb the elements; the element combination and strength of geochemical anomaly in the plants with different depths of root are different.

参考文献/References:

-

相似文献/References:

[1]王义天,李霞,王瑞廷,等.陕西凤太矿集区丝毛岭金矿床成矿时代的Ar-Ar年龄证据[J].地球科学与环境学报,2014,36(03):61.
 WANG Yi-tian,LI Xia,WANG Rui-ting,et al.Evidence of Ar-Ar Age for the Metallogenic Epoch of Simaoling Gold Deposit in Fengxian-Taibai Ore Cluster of Shaanxi[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2014,36(06):61.
[2]张婷,彭建堂.湘西合仁坪钠长石石英脉型金矿床围岩蚀变及质量平衡[J].地球科学与环境学报,2014,36(04):32.
 ZHANG Ting,PENG Jian-tang.Wall-rock Alteration and Mass Balance of Herenping Albite-quartz Vein-type Gold Deposit in the Western Hunan[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2014,36(06):32.
[3]刘新会,刘爽,李渊,等.丁家山古楼山金矿床成矿流体储运规律[J].地球科学与环境学报,2006,28(01):24.
 LIU Xin-hui,LIU Shuang,LI Yuan,et al.Storage and Moving of Ore-forming Fluid of Dingjiashan-Gulushan Gold Deposit[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2006,28(06):24.
[4]舒建生,杨兴科,王磊,等.新疆冰达坂阿拉沟成矿条件及有利区带[J].地球科学与环境学报,2006,28(04):15.
 SHU Jian-sheng,YANG Xing-ke,WANG Lei,et al.Metallogenetic Environment and Prospective Provinces of Bingdaban-Alagou Zone of Enrichment in Tianshan Mountains,Xingjiang[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2006,28(06):15.
[5]隗合明,赵国斌,焦建刚.河南夏馆—二郎坪一带叠加 改造型金矿床地质特征及成矿模式[J].地球科学与环境学报,2005,27(01):39.
 WEI He-ming,ZHAO Guo-bin,JIAO Jian-gang.Geological features and metallogenic model of hydrothermal superimposion (regeneration) gold deposits from Xiaguan to Erlangping in Henan[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2005,27(06):39.
[6]张高鑫,刘建朝,张海东*,等.陕西勉略宁地块车渡磁铁石英岩型金矿床多期成矿作用[J].地球科学与环境学报,2020,42(03):355.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.03036]
 ZHANG Gao-xin,LIU Jian-chao,ZHANG Hai-dong*,et al.Multistage Mineralization of Chedu Magnetite Quartzite Gold Deposit in Mianluening Block of Shaanxi, China[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2020,42(06):355.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.03036]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-09-19
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41363003,40972220)
作者简介:宋慈安(1948-),男,土家族,湖南慈利人,教授,E-mail:gldysca@126.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-12-01