|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]唐祥祥,王茉,徐柏青.青藏高原大气和雪冰黑碳的空间分布特征[J].地球科学与环境学报,2017,39(05):695-703.
 TANG Xiang-xiang,WANG Mo,XU Bai-qing.Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Atmosphere and Snow Black Carbons in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2017,39(05):695-703.
点击复制

青藏高原大气和雪冰黑碳的空间分布特征(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第39卷
期数:
2017年第05期
页码:
695-703
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2017-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Atmosphere and Snow Black Carbons in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
文章编号:
1672-6561(2017)05-0695-09
作者:
唐祥祥王茉徐柏青
1.中国科学院青藏高原研究所,北京 100101; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049;3.中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心,北京 100101
Author(s):
TANG Xiang-xiang WANG Mo XU Bai-qing
1. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
关键词:
黑碳空间分布季节变化大气雪冰气溶胶排放青藏高原
Keywords:
black carbon spatial distribution seasonal variation atmosphere snow aerosol emission Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
分类号:
X131.1;P427.2
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
青藏高原为亚洲主要河流提供水资源。青藏高原周边地区排放的黑碳气溶胶经大气环流可被传输至高原内部,并沉降到雪冰表面,对降水和冰川物质平衡产生重要影响。回顾近十几年来青藏高原大气和雪冰黑碳空间分布特征。结果表明:青藏高原大气黑碳浓度在空间分布上呈现出由外围向内部逐渐降低、由低海拔向高海拔指数降低的趋势;从季节变化看,西风气候区大气黑碳浓度夏季出现高值,季风气候区则冬、春季出现高值;青藏高原雪冰黑碳含量具有同大气黑碳浓度相一致的季节变化特征,并在空间分布上呈现出由南向北增加、由低海拔向高海拔降低的趋势。
Abstract:
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the source of major rivers in Asia. Black carbon (BC) aerosol emits from surrounding regions can be transported to the inner QinghaiTibet Plateau by atmospheric circulation and consequently deposited in snow, which can significantly influence precipitation and mass balance of glaciers. Spatial distribution of atmosphere and snow black carbons in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was reviewed. The results show that the concentrations of atmosphere black carbon gradually decrease from the outside to the inner of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and exponentially decrease with the increase of elevation; the concentrations of atmosphere black carbon in the westerly region of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau show high values in summer and low values in winter, whereas those in the monsoon region present high values in winter and spring seasons, and low values in summer; the contents of snow black carbon have the same seasonal characteristics of the concentrations of atmosphere black carbon, and decrease from the southern to the northern part of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and linearly decrease with the increase of elevation.

参考文献/References:

-

相似文献/References:

[1]陶媛,胡凯衡,田永中,等.云南鲁甸地震次生山地灾害分布规律与特征[J].地球科学与环境学报,2015,37(04):84.
 TAO Yuan,HU Kai-heng,TIAN Yong-zhong,et al.Distribution and Characteristics of Secondary Mountain Hazards Triggered by Ludian Earthquake in Yunnan[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2015,37(05):84.
[2]曹军骥,占长林.黑碳在全球气候和环境系统中的作用及其在相关研究中的意义[J].地球科学与环境学报,2011,33(02):177.
 CAO Jun-ji,ZHAN Chang-lin.Research Significance and Role of Black Carbon in the Global Climate and Environmental Systems[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2011,33(05):177.
[3]崔阿李,刘康和.探地雷达技术在岩溶探测中的应用[J].地球科学与环境学报,2008,30(02):197.
 CUI A-li,LIU Kang-he.Application of Ground Penetrating Radar(GPR)Technology in Karst Survey[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2008,30(05):197.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-05-05
作者简介:唐祥祥(1989-),男,安徽阜阳人,中国科学院大学理学硕士研究生,E-mail:15321611017@163.com。
通讯作者:徐柏青(1969-),男,安徽冬至人,研究员,博士研究生导师,理学博士,E-mail:baiqing@itpcas.ac.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-10-19