|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]叶蕾,朱筱敏,秦祎,等.断陷湖盆浅水三角洲沉积体系[J].地球科学与环境学报,2018,40(02):186-202.
 YE Lei,ZHU Xiao-min,QIN Yi,et al.Depositional System of Shallow Water Delta in Rifted Lacustrine Basin[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2018,40(02):186-202.
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第40卷
期数:
2018年第02期
页码:
186-202
栏目:
基础地质与矿产地质
出版日期:
2018-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Depositional System of Shallow Water Delta in Rifted Lacustrine Basin
文章编号:
1672-6561(2018)02-0186-17
作者:
叶蕾朱筱敏秦祎朱茂
1.中国石油大学(北京) 地球科学学院,北京 102249; 2.中国石油杭州地质研究院,浙江 杭州 310023
Author(s):
YE Lei ZHU Xiao-min QIN Yi ZHU Mao
1. College of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China;2. Hangzhou Geological Institute, PetroChina, Hangzhou 310023, Zhejiang, China
关键词:
断陷湖盆浅水三角洲发育条件分类方案沉积特征识别标志控制因素沉积模式
Keywords:
rifted lacustrine basin shallow water delta development condition classification scheme sedimentary characteristic recognition mark control factor sedimentary model
分类号:
P343.5;TE121.3+2
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
浅水三角洲不仅可发育在陆相坳陷盆地,也可在断陷湖盆初始期、萎缩期和断-坳转化期发育。浅水三角洲的形成受控于古构造、古地形、古水体、古气候及古物源等因素,在岩性、沉积结构、沉积构造、测井曲线、古生物及地球物理响应等6个方面具有与其他三角洲不同的沉积特征。基于物源体系可将浅水三角洲划分为浅水扇三角洲、浅水辫状河三角洲及浅水曲流河三角洲3种类型。断陷湖盆浅水三角洲的发育具有明显的阶段性和多变性,受构造影响较大。断陷湖盆初始期,由近岸向远岸,A/S值逐渐增加,河道砂体规模变小,连通性变差,席状化程度增强,平面砂体形态由毯状、坨状过渡为朵状、带状。断陷湖盆萎缩期,A/S值较小时,发育丝带状或鸟足状三角洲,水下分流河道推进速度快,单期砂体较厚,横向变化快;A/S值较大时,多发育扇形、舌形或伞状三角洲,水下分流河道不发育,河口坝和席状砂成片出现,砂体横向较稳定,单砂体厚度不大。通过上述研究探讨了断陷湖盆浅水三角洲的发育特征和沉积模式,为完善陆相湖盆浅水三角洲理论提供依据。
Abstract:
The shallow water delta not only develops in the continental depression lacustrine basin, but also develops during the initial, atrophy and fault-depression transition periods in rifted lacustrine basin. The formation of shallow water delta is controlled by palaeotectonics, paleotopography, paleo-water, paleoclimate and paleo-source, and the shallow water delta is characterized by lithology, sedimentary texture, sedimentary structure, well logging, paleontology and geophysical responses, which are different from depositional characteristics of other deltas. According to the source system, the shallow water delta can be divided into three types, including shallow fan delta, shallow braided delta and shallow meandering delta. The development of shallow water delta in rifted lacustrine basin has obvious stage and variability, and is more influenced by the tectonics. During the initial period of rifted lacustrine basin, the A/S value increases gradually from the shore to the far shore, the size of channel sand body becomes smaller, the connectivity becomes worse, and the sheet maturity increases, the shape of planar sand body changes from blanket and lump to lobe and ribbon. During the atrophy period of rifted lacustrine basin, when the A/S value is small, the ribbons or bird-footed delta is developed, the underwater distributary channels advance fast, the single sand body becomes thicker, and the lateral changes quickly; while the A/S value is large, the fan-shaped, tongue-shaped or umbrella-shaped delta is developed more frequently, the underwater distributary channels are not developed, the estuarine bar and sheet-like sand appear in patches, the sand body is horizontal and stable, and the thickness of single sand body is not large. The researches above discuss the development characteristics and depositional models of shallow water delta in rifted lacustrine basin, and provide the new basis for perfecting the shallow water delta theory in the continental lacustrine basin.

参考文献/References:

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相似文献/References:

[1]周军良,胡勇,李超,等.渤海湾渤中C地区分流河道砂体油气富集规律及滚动开发实践[J].地球科学与环境学报,2016,38(05):685.
 ZHOU Jun-liang,HU Yong,LI Chao,et al.Enrichment Regulation of Distributary Channel Sandbody and Rolling Development Practice in Bozhong C Area of Bohai Bay[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2016,38(02):685.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-01-23;修回日期:2018-03-11  
基金项目:国家科技重大专项项目(2017ZX05001002-002)
作者简介:叶 蕾(1995-),女,甘肃庆阳人,理学硕士研究生,E-mail:yeleilydia@163.com。
通讯作者:朱筱敏(1960-),男,江苏扬州人,教授,博士研究生导师,工学博士,E-mail:xmzhu@cup.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-04-19