必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 岩性对化学风化的影响:来自亚热带气候条件下花岗岩和安山岩的对比-《地球科学与环境学报》
|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]孙明照,瞿书逸,李来峰,等.岩性对化学风化的影响:来自亚热带气候条件下花岗岩和安山岩的对比[J].地球科学与环境学报,2018,40(05):627-636.
 SUN Ming-zhao,QU Shu-yi,LI Lai-feng,et al.Effects of Lithology on Chemical Weathering: Comparison of Granite and Andesite in Subtropical Climate[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2018,40(05):627-636.
点击复制

岩性对化学风化的影响:来自亚热带气候条件下花岗岩和安山岩的对比(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第40卷
期数:
2018年第05期
页码:
627-636
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2018-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Lithology on Chemical Weathering: Comparison of Granite and Andesite in Subtropical Climate
文章编号:
1672-6561(2018)05-0627-10
作者:
孙明照瞿书逸李来峰李乐吴卫华
1.南京大学地球科学与工程学院,江苏 南京 210023; 2.南京大学表生地球化学教育部重点实验室,江苏 南京 210023
Author(s):
SUN Ming-zhao QU Shu-yi LI Lai-feng LI Le WU Wei-hua
1. School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Surficial Geochemistry of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
关键词:
化学风化岩性花岗岩安山岩硅酸盐碳酸盐亚热带云南
Keywords:
chemical weathering lithology granite andesite silicate carbonate subtropical Yunnan
分类号:
P512.1+2
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
硅酸盐风化被称为“地质空调”,影响着地球的长期气候变化。控制硅酸盐风化速率的影响因素有很多,包括岩性、植被、气候和构造等。为了探讨岩性单一变量对于硅酸盐风化速率的影响,选取云南省腾冲市北海湿地的数十平方千米区域作为研究对象。该区域仅有花岗岩和安山岩两种岩性出露,花岗岩流域和安山岩流域的构造活动一致,温度、降雨量、径流量等气候条件相同,植被的发育情况也完全相似。基于上述情况,对区域内采集的4个河水样品和1个雨水样品开展水化学质量平衡计算。结果表明:大气输入、硅酸盐风化和碳酸盐风化对于采样流域主量阳离子的贡献比例平均值分别为8.1%、76.5%、16.0%;采样区域内硅酸盐和碳酸盐风化速率平均值分别为5.68、9.96 t·km-2·年-1,大气CO2消耗速率分别为2.68×105、0.29×105 mol·km-2·年-1;花岗岩和安山岩的风化速率分别为3.22、8.14 t·km-2·年-1。安山岩的风化速率是花岗岩的2.5倍,表明在植被、气候、构造等条件一致的情况下,岩性对化学风化的影响占主导地位。
Abstract:
Silicate weathering, which is known as earth’s thermostat, affects earth’s long-term climate change. There are many factors to control the silicate weathering rate, including lithology, vegetation, climate and tectonics. A small area of tens of square kilometers near Beihai wetland of Tengchong city, Yunnan province, was selected to discuss the effects of lithology on the silicate weathering rate. The area develops two kinds of lithology, including granite and andesite; the granite and andesite watersheds have the same tectonics, climate and vegetation conditions. Based on the above situations, 4 river water and 1 rain water samples in Beihai wetland were collected to carry out the calculation of water chemical mass balance. The results show that the average values of the contribution of atmospheric inputs, silicate weathering and carbonate weathering to major cations in sampling watershed are 8.1%, 76.5% and 16.0%, respectively; the average values of silicate and carbonate weathering rates are 5.68, 9.96 t·km-2·a-1, the atmospheric CO2 consuming rates are 2.68×105, 0.29×105 mol·km-2·a-1; the weathering rates of granite and andesite are 3.22, 8.14 t·km-2·a-1, respectively. The weathering rate of andesite is 2.5 times than that of granite, indicating that the effects of lithology on silicate weathering are dominant under the same conditions of vegetation, climate and tectonics.

参考文献/References:

-

相似文献/References:

[1]王飞,边会媛,韩雪,等.基于细菌觅食算法的砂砾岩岩性识别方法[J].地球科学与环境学报,2016,38(02):277.
 WANG Fei,BIAN Hui-yuan,HAN Xue,et al.Identification Method of Sandy-conglomerate Lithology Based on Bacterial Foraging Algorithm[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2016,38(05):277.
[2]王纪庆,汪洋.中国东部下地壳是中性的吗?[J].地球科学与环境学报,2016,38(06):849.
 WANG Ji-qing,WANG Yang.Is There an Intermediate Lower Crust Beneath the Eastern China?[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2016,38(05):849.
[3]张伟峰,刘守军,李拥安,等.孤岛馆陶组注水开发储层性质动态变化特征研究[J].地球科学与环境学报,2004,26(02):51.
 ZHANG Wei-feng,LIU Shou-jun,LI Yong-an,et al.Study on the dynamic change feature of reservoir property with injection exploitation in Guantao formation of Gudao oil field[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2004,26(05):51.
[4]吴艳宏,李世杰,夏威岚.可可西里苟仁错湖泊沉积物元素 地球化学特征及其环境意义[J].地球科学与环境学报,2004,26(03):64.
 WU Yan-hong,LI Shi-jie,XIA Wei-lan.Element geochemistry of lake sediment from Gourenco Lake , Kekexili , Qinghai-Xizang plateau and its significance for climate variation[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2004,26(05):64.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-03-31;修回日期:2018-06-12
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41373003,41773007)
作者简介:孙明照(1991-),男,江苏徐州人,理学硕士研究生,E-mail:1057117585@qq.com。
通讯作者:吴卫华(1976-),男,安徽芜湖人,副教授,理学博士,E-mail:wuwh@nju.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-10-01