必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 黄河中游支流无定河流域水沙情势与变异特性-《地球科学与环境学报》
|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张洪波,李娇娇,辛琛,等.黄河中游支流无定河流域水沙情势与变异特性[J].地球科学与环境学报,2019,41(02):241-252.
 ZHANG Hong-bo,LI Jiao-jiao,XIN Chen,et al.Runoff-sediment Yield Relationship and Variation Characteristics in Wuding River Basin, a Branch of the Middle Yellow River, China[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2019,41(02):241-252.
点击复制

黄河中游支流无定河流域水沙情势与变异特性(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第41卷
期数:
2019年第02期
页码:
241-252
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2019-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Runoff-sediment Yield Relationship and Variation Characteristics in Wuding River Basin, a Branch of the Middle Yellow River, China
文章编号:
1672-6561(2019)02-0241-12
作者:
张洪波12李娇娇1辛琛3李吉程1
(1.长安大学 环境科学与工程学院,陕西 西安 710054; 2.长安大学 旱区地下水文与生态效应教育部重点实验室,陕西 西安 710054; 3.陕西省江河水库管理局,陕西 西安 710018)
Author(s):
ZHANG Hong-bo12 LI Jiao-jiao1 XIN Chen3 LI Ji-cheng1
(1. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, Shaanxi, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Subsurface Hydrology and Ecological Effect in Arid Region of Ministry of Education, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, Shaanxi, China; 3. Administration of Rivers and Reservoirs in Shaanxi Province, Xi’an 710018, Shaanxi, China)
关键词:
水文变异 输沙量 经验模态分解 STARS法 迭代累积平方和法 水沙情势 归因分析 无定河流域
Keywords:
hydrological variation sediment discharge empirical mode decomposition STARS method ICSS method runoff-sediment yield relationship attribution analysis Wuding river basin
分类号:
P333
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
近年来,黄河中游支流无定河流域水沙情势发生了显著变化,径流量与输沙量都出现了急剧减少的现象,其年径流量与输沙量序列变异类型(尤其是趋势变异、均值跳跃变异及方差变异)的信息重叠问题尚没有有效的解决方案,导致很难给出较为准确的变异归因解释。为此,以无定河流域10个水文站的实测年径流量和输沙量序列为研究对象,采用经验模态分解、STARS法和迭代累积平方和(ICSS)法对年输沙量序列进行趋势变异、均值跳跃变异和方差变异检验,识别无定河流域年输沙量序列变异的类型构成。同时,采用双累积曲线探讨无定河流域的水沙关系变化,并结合流域实际,分析变异类型产生的原因。结果表明:无定河流域年输沙量序列的变异类型均为复合类型,且复杂多变,其中趋势变异主要为先减后增型,均值跳跃变异为向上向下型和下沉型,方差变异主要为振幅缩减型; 归因分析结果显示,无定河流域的淤地坝建设驱动年输沙量序列的下沉型均值跳跃变异,与其他水土保持措施一起驱动序列的趋势变异和方差变异; 年降水量及沙尘暴频率因变化较小,仅在趋势变异上有微弱影响; 淤地坝施工期间强降水引发的水土流失和淤地坝拦沙后清水下泄引发的河道冲刷驱动年输沙量序列均值向上的跳跃性变化,而淤地坝群淤积库容随时间的衰减则应该是驱动年输沙量序列趋势变异的关键因子。
Abstract:
In recent years, the runoff-sediment yield relationship in Wuding river basin, a branch of the middle Yellow River, changes dramatically, and the runoff and sediment discharge decrease sharply. There is no effective solution to propose for dealing with the overlap problem of the variation types of the annual runoff and sediment discharge sequences(especially the trend variation, the mean jumping variation and the variance variation), so that it is difficult to give an accurate attribution to the variations. Therefore, the observed annual runoff and sediment discharge sequences at 10 hydrological stations in Wuding river basin were taken as the research objects, by using empirical mode decomposition, STARS method and iterated cumulative sums of squares(ICSS)method; and the trend variation, the mean jumping variation and the variance variation of the observed annual sediment discharge sequences were tested, and the variation types of the annual sediment discharge sequence in Wuding river basin were identified. At the same time, the change of runoff-sediment yield relationship in Wuding river basin was explored by using the double cumulative curves, and the causes of the typical variation were analyzed by combining with the actual situation of the basin. The results show that the variation types of the annual sediment discharge sequence in Wuding river basin all belong to the compound types, which present the characteristics of complexity and changeability, therein, the trend variation mainly manifests as descending and thenrising, the mean jumping variation shows the upward-downward change and sinking, and the variance variation is mainly the amplitude reduction; according to the results of attribution analysis, the warping dam construction in Wuding river basin drives the sinking mean jumping variation of the annual sediment discharge sequence, and leads to the trend variation and the variance variation of the sequence together with other water and soil conservation measures; the changes in precipitation and dust storm frequency have only a weak impact on the trend variation; the upward mean jumping variation detected in the compound types should be caused by the water and soil loss due to the heavy precipitation during the construction of the warping dam, and by river scour due to clear water discharge(including little sediment)after the dam; it should be noted that the decay of the storage capacity of the warping dam group for sediment deposition with time also contributes the trend variation of the annual sediment discharge sequence.

参考文献/References:

[1] 汪 岗,范 昭.黄河水沙变化研究:第2卷[M].郑州:黄河水利出版社,2003.
WANG Gang,FAN Zhao.Study on Runoff Sediment Change in Yellow River:Volume Two[M].Zhengzhou:The Yellow River Water Conservancy Press,2003.
[2] 唐克丽.中国水土保持[M].北京:科学出版社,2004.
TANG Ke-li.Soil and Water Conservation in China[M].Beijing:Science Press,2004.
[3] MU X M,ZHANG L,MCVICAR T R,et al.Analysis of the Impact of Conservation Measures on Stream-flow Regime in Catchments of the Loess Plateau,China[J].Hydrological Processes,2007,21:2124-2134.
[4] 水利部黄河水利委员会.黄河泥沙公报[M].北京:中国水利水电出版社,2008.
Yellow River Conservancy Commission of Ministry of Water Resources.Yellow River Sediment Bulletin[M].Beijing:China Water and Power Press,2008.
[5] LIANG W,BAI D,JIN Z,et al.A Study on the Stream-flow Change and Its Relationship with Climate Change and Ecological Restoration Measures in a Sediment Concentrated Region in the Loess Plateau,China[J].Water Resources Management,2015,29(11):4045-4060.
[6] LI L J,ZHANG L,WANG H,et al.Assessing the Impact of Climate Variability and Human Activities on Streamflow from the Wuding River Basin in China[J].Hydrological Processes,2007,21(25):3485-3491.
[7] 赵广举,穆兴民,田 鹏,等.近60年黄河中游水沙变化趋势及其影响因素分析[J].资源科学,2012,34(6):1070-1078.
ZHAO Guang-ju,MU Xing-min,TIAN Peng,et al.The Variation Trend of Streamflow and Sediment Flux in the Middle Reaches of Yellow River over the Past 60 Years and the Influencing Factors[J].Resources Science,2012,34(6):1070-1078.
[8] 高 鹏,穆兴民,李 锐,等.黄河支流无定河水沙变化趋势及其驱动因素[J].泥沙研究,2009,34(5):22-28.
GAO Peng,MU Xing-min,LI Rui,et al.Analyses on Trend and Driving Force of Runoff and Sediment Load in the Wuding River[J].Journal of Sediment Research,2009,34(5):22-28.
[9] 顾 磊,张洪波,陈克宇,等.陕北地区河川基流的时空演变规律[J].地球科学进展,2015,30(7):802-811.
GU Lei,ZHANG Hong-bo,CHEN Ke-yu,et al.Spatial-temporal Evolution of River Baseflow in Northern Shaanxi[J].Advances in Earth Science,2015,30(7):802-811.
[10] 夏 露,宋孝玉,符 娜,等.黄土高塬沟壑区绿水对土地利用和气候变化的响应研究:以南小河沟流域为例[J].水利学报,2017,48(6):678-688.
XIA Lu,SONG Xiao-yu,FU Na,et al.Impacts of Land Use Change and Climate Variation on Green Water in the Loess Plateau Gully Region:A Case Study of Nanxiaohegou Basin[J].Shuili Xuebao,2017,48(6):678-688.
[11] 张洪波,曹 巍,张双虎,等.人类活动对洞庭湖区荆南三河径流变化的定量影响[J].地球科学与环境学报,2018,40(1):91-100.
ZHANG Hong-bo,CAO Wei,ZHANG Shuang-hu,et al.Quantitative Evaluation of Human-introduced Runoff Change of Three Streams in the Southern Jingjiang River of Dongting Lake Area,China[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2018,40(1):91-100.
[12] 马雪菲,张 鑫.无定河输沙量变化及其原因分析[J].人民黄河,2014,36(8):7-9.
MA Xue-fei,ZHANG Xin.Analysis of Sediment Changes and Its Reasons of the Wuding River[J].Yellow River,2014,36(8):7-9.
[13] 张 鑫,蔡焕杰.无定河输沙量长期变化趋势与变异点分析[J].人民黄河,2010,32(12):74-76.
ZHANG Xin,CAI Huan-jie.Analysis of Long-term Variation Trend and Variation Point of Sediment Transport in the Wuding River[J].Yellow River,2010,32(12):74-76.
[14] 杨媛媛,李占斌,任宗萍,等.人类活动对无定河流域不同地貌区水沙变化的影响[J].泥沙研究,2017,42(5):50-56.
YANG Yuan-yuan,LI Zhan-bin,REN Zong-ping,et al.The Influence of Human Activities on the Changes of Water and Sediment in Different Landforms[J].Journal of Sediment Research,2017,42(5):50-56.
[15] 马元旭,许炯心,黄河清.无定河流域悬移质有效输沙流量分析[J].泥沙研究,2010,35(3):73-80.
MA Yuan-xu,XU Jiong-xin,HUANG He-qing.Effective Discharge for Suspended Sediment in Wuding River and Its Tributaries[J].Journal of Sediment Research,2010,35(3):73-80.
[16] 水利部黄河水利委员会水文局.黄河流域水文资料:黄河中游区(1956~2010)[R].郑州:水利部黄河水利委员会,2010.
Hydrological Office,Yellow River Conservancy Commission of Ministry of Water Resources.Hydrological Data of Yellow River:The Area of the Middle Yellow River(1956-2010)[R].Zhengzhou:Yellow River Conservancy Commission of Ministry of Water Resources,2010.
[17] HUANG N E,ZHENG S,LONG S R,et al.The Empirical Mode Decomposition and the Hilbert Spectrum for Nonlinear and Non-stationary Time Series Analysis[J].Proceedings Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences,1998,454:903-995.
[18] 何文浩.经验模态分解及其关键技术研究进展[J].中山大学研究生学刊(自然科学与医学版),2015(1):35-45.
HE Wen-hao.Empirical Mode Decomposition and Its Research Progress of Key Technologies[J].Journal of the Graduates Sun Yat-sen University(Natural Sciences and Medicine),2015(1):35-45.
[19] RODIONOV S N.A Sequential Algorithm for Testing Climate Regime Shifts[J].Geophysical Research Letters,2004,31(9):111-142.
[20] RODIONOV S N.A Sequential Method for Detecting Regime Shifts in the Mean and Variance[C]∥VELIKOVA V, CHIPEV N.Large-scale Disturbances(Regime Shifts)and Recovery in Aquatic Ecosystems:Challenges for Management Toward Sustainability.Varna:UNESCO-ROSTE/BAS,2005:68-72.
[21] 张洪波,张姝琪,李吉程,等.基于TFPW-DT-ICSS法的渭河水文序列方差变异识别与诊断[J].华北水利水电大学学报(自然科学版),2017,38(4):47-53.
ZHANG Hong-bo,ZHANG Shu-qi,LI Ji-cheng,et al.Detection and Diagnosis of the Change Points in Variance of Hydrological Time Series in the Weihe River Basin Based on TFPW-DT-ICSS Method[J].Journal of North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power(Natural Science Edition),2017,38(4):47-53.
[22] 徐小玲,延军平,梁煦枫.无定河流域典型淤地坝水资源效应比较研究:以辛店沟、韭园沟和裴家峁为例[J].干旱区资源与环境,2008,22(12):77-83.
XU Xiao-ling,YAN Jun-ping,LIANG Yu-feng.The Water Resources Effect of Typical Soil-saving Dams in Wuding River Drainage Basin:A Case Study in Xindiangou,Jiuyuangou and Peijiamao Ditch[J].Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2008,22(12):77-83.
[23] 冉大川.黄河中游水土保持措施的减水减沙作用研究[J].资源科学,2006,28(1):93-101.
RAN Da-chuan.Water and Sediment Variation and Ecological Protection Measures in the Middle Reach of the Yellow River[J].Resources Science,2006,28(1):93-101.
[24] 许炯心.无定河流域的人工沉积汇及其对泥沙输移比的影响[J].地理研究,2010,29(3):397-407.
XU Jiong-xin.Effect of Artificial Sediment Sinks on Sediment Delivery Ratio:An Example from the Wu-dinghe River,China[J].Geographical Research,2010,29(3):397-407.
[25] 许炯心.无定河粗泥沙产沙量的变化及其原因[J].中国水土保持科学,2007,5(6):1-7.
XU Jiong-xin.Temporal Variation of the Coarse Sediment Yield in the Wudinghe River Basin and the Cause of Formation[J].Science of Soil and Water Conservation,2007,5(6):1-7.
[26] 张遂业.流域治理对多沙河流悬移质泥沙输移影响的分析[J].甘肃水利水电技术,1998(1):30-35.
ZHANG Sui-ye.Analysis of Influence of River Basin Management on Suspended Sediment Transport in Sandy Rivers[J].Gansu Water Resources and Hydropower Technology,1998(1):30-35.
[27] 豆 林.黄土区域径流对水土保持措施响应的时空变化特征[D].北京:中国科学院研究生院,2010.
DOU Lin.Characteristics of Temporal and Spatial Changes in Response of Watershed Runoff to Water and Soil Conservation Measures in the Loess Plateau[D].Beijing:Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,2010.
[28] 柳莎莎.气候变化和人类活动对现代黄河输沙量影响的甄别[D].青岛:中国海洋大学,2013.
LIU Sha-sha.Identification of Impacts of Climate Change and Human Activities on Sediment Change of the Yellow River[D].Qingdao:Ocean University of China,2013.
[29] 杨媛媛.生态建设作用下无定河流域水沙演变及其响应关系[D].西安:西安理工大学,2016.
YANG Yuan-yuan.The Evolution of Water and Sediment and Its Response Relationship of Wuding Water-shed Under Ecological Construction[D].Xi’an:Xi’an University of Technology,2016.
[30] 许炯心,信忠保.植被因素对无定河流域沙尘暴的影响及其侵蚀产沙意义[J].自然科学进展,2007,17(12):1631-1638.
XU Jiong-xin,XIN Zhong-bao.Effects of Vegetation Factors on Sandstorms in the Wudinghe River Basin and Its Significance for Erosion and Sediment Yield[J].Progress in Natural Science,2007,17(12):1631-1638.
[31] 许炯心.无定河流域侵蚀产沙过程对水土保持措施的响应[J].地理学报,2004,59(6):972-981.
XU Jiong-xin.Response of Erosion and Sediment Yield Process to Soil and Water Conservation Measures in the Wudinghe River Basin[J].Acta Geographica Sinica,2004,59(6):972-981.
[32] 金 朝,李君轶.无定河流域1961~2012年水沙变化归因分析[J].江西农业学报,2016,28(9):79-84.
JIN Chao,LI Jun-yi.Analysis of Driving Factors for Runoff and Sediment Variation During 1961-2012 in Wuding River Basin[J].Acta Agriculturae Jiangxi,2016,28(9):79-84.

相似文献/References:

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-10-25; 修回日期:2018-11-22 投稿网址:http://jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51379014); 陕西省留学人员科技活动择优资助项目(2017035); 陕西省水利厅科技计划项目(2018slkj-11)
作者简介:张洪波(1979-),男,辽宁康平人,教授,博士研究生导师,工学博士,E-mail:hbzhang@chd.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-02-28