必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 渭河干流浅层地下水与地表水中重金属Cd污染特征及风险评价-《地球科学与环境学报》
|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]赵玉.渭河干流浅层地下水与地表水中重金属Cd污染特征及风险评价[J].地球科学与环境学报,2020,42(02):267-277.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2019.10046]
 ZHAO Yu.Characteristics and Risk Assessment of Heavy Meatal Cd Pollution of Shallow Groundwater and Surface Water in Main Stream of Weihe River, China[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2020,42(02):267-277.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2019.10046]
点击复制

渭河干流浅层地下水与地表水中重金属Cd污染特征及风险评价(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第42卷
期数:
2020年第02期
页码:
267-277
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2020-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics and Risk Assessment of Heavy Meatal Cd Pollution of Shallow Groundwater and Surface Water in Main Stream of Weihe River, China
文章编号:
1672-6561(2020)02-0267-11
作者:
赵玉12
(1. 渭南师范学院 环境与生命科学学院,陕西 渭南 714099; 2. 陕西省河流湿地生态与环境重点实验室,陕西 渭南 714099)
Author(s):
ZHAO Yu12
(1. College of Environment and Life Sciences, Weinan Normal University, Weinan 714099, Shaanxi, China; 2. Key Laboratory for Ecology and Environment of River Wetlands in Shaanxi Province, Weinan 714099, Shaanxi, China)
关键词:
Cd 重金属 地下水 地表水 空间分布 污染水平 健康风险 渭河
Keywords:
Cd heavy metal groundwater surface water spatial distribution pollution level health risk Weihe river
分类号:
P641; X52
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2019.10046
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解渭河流域水体重金属污染现状及健康危害风险,沿渭河干流采集浅层地下水和地表水水样,采用单因子指数法和美国环境保护署(USEPA)健康风险评价模型揭示了水体中重金属Cd污染现状和健康风险。结果表明:2018年渭河干流地下水和地表水中Cd浓度分别为426.40~1 104.27 ng·L-1和224.70~1 154.12 ng·L-1; 参照《地下水质量标准》(GB/T 14848—2017)和《地表水环境质量标准》(GB 3838—2002)得知,地下水和地表水中Cd浓度均在GB/T 14848—2017和GB 3838—2002 Ⅰ~Ⅲ类标准限值内; 水体中Cd浓度表现出明显的空间分异性,沿河流流向均表现为逐渐增加的趋势; 地下水与地表水中Cd浓度高值区相一致,即集中分布于陕西省兴平市和渭南市临渭区; 由水体中Cd浓度单因子指数评价结果可知,渭河干流水体中Cd污染属于清洁水平; 沿河流流向,渭河中游和下游水体中Cd浓度单因子污染指数远高于上游; 水体中重金属Cd对成人和儿童产生的致癌风险分别为(1.48~2.05)×10-4和(1.84~2.55)×10-4,说明水体中Cd对人体可能会产生一定的健康风险。
Abstract:
In order to understand the current status of heavy metal pollution and health risk of water in Weihe river, the samples of shallow groundwater and surface water were collected, and the single factor index and USEPA health risk assessment model were used to reveal the current status and health risk of heavy metal Cd pollution of water in main stream of Weihe river. The results show that Cd concentrations of groundwater and surface water in main stream of Weihe river in 2018 are 426.40-1 104.27 ng·L-1 and 224.70-1 154.12 ng·L-1, respectively; according to Standard for Groundwater Quality (GB/T 14848—2017)and Environmental Quality Standards for Surface Water (GB 3838—2002), the Cd concentrations of groundwater and surface water are within the limits of classes Ⅰ-Ⅲ; the Cd concentrations show obvious spatial differentiation, and a gradual increase along the river flow direction; the high value areas of Cd concentrations in groundwater are consistent with that in surface water, which are Xingping city and Linwei district of Weinan city, Shaanxi province; according to the evaluation results of Cd concentrations based on single factor index, the Cd pollution is close to the clean level; along the river flow direction, the single factor index of Cd pollution in the middle and lower part of Weihe river is much higher than that in the upper part of Weihe river; the carcinogenic risk values of heavy metal Cd to adults and children are(1.48-2.05)×10-4 and(1.84-2.55)×10-4, respectively, so that Cd in water maybe have health risk for human.

参考文献/References:

[1] 郝守宁,董 飞.尼洋河水质沿程变化特征多元统计分析[J].灌溉排水学报,2019,38(12):109-114.
HAO Shou-ning,DONG Fei.Changing Characteristics of the Water Quality Along the Niyang River Based on Multivariate Analysis Method[J].Journal of Irrigation and Drainage,2019,38(12):109-114.
[2] 唐玉兰,项莹雪,马甜甜,等.基于多元统计分析方法的浑河流域沈抚段水质时空特征[J].安全与环境学报,2018,18(5):2008-2012.
TANG Yu-lan,XIANG Ying-xue,MA Tian-tian,et al.Spatial and Temporal Specific Features of the Water Quality of Shenyang-Fushun Basin of Hunhe River Through a Multivuariate Statistical Analysis[J].Journal of Safety and Environment,2018,18(5):2008-2012.
[3] 徐美娟,鲍 波,陈春燕,等.宁波市地表水重金属污染现状和健康风险评价[J].环境科学,2018,39(2):729-737.
XU Mei-juan,BAO Bo,CHEN Chun-yan,et al.Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution and Human Health Risk of Surface Waters in the City of Ningbo,China[J].Environmental Science,2018,39(2):729-737.
[4] LI C H,SUN L,JIA J X,et al.Risk Assessment of Water Pollution Sources Based on an Integrated k-means Clustering and Set Pair Analysis Method in the Region of Shiyan,China[J].Science of the Total Environment,2016,557/558:307-316.
[5] LI R,TANG X Q,GUO W J,et al.Spatiotemporal Distribution Dynamics of Heavy Metals in Water,Sediment,and Zoobenthos in Mainstream Sections of the Middle and Lower Changjiang River[J].Science of the Total Environment,2020,DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136779.
[6] HASHEMI M.Heavy Metal Concentrations in Bovine Tissues(Muscle,Liver and Kidney)and Their Relationship with Heavy Metal Contents in Consumed Feed[J].Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,2018,154:263-267.
[7] 邹晓锦,仇荣亮,周小勇,等.大宝山矿区重金属污染对人体健康风险的硏究[J].环境科学学报,2008,28(7):1406-1412.
ZOU Xiao-jin,QIU Rong-liang,ZHOU Xiao-yong,et al.Heavy Metal Contamination and Health Risk Assessment in Dabao Monuntain,China[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2008,28(7):1406-1412.
[8] 杨 刚,沈 飞,钟贵江,等.西南山地铅锌矿区耕地土壤和谷类产品重金属含量及健康风险评价[J].环境科学学报,2011,31(9):2014-2021.
YANG Gang,SHEN Fei,ZHONG Gui-jiang,et al.Concentration and Health Risk of Heavy Metals in Crops and Soils in a Zinc-lead Mining Area in Southwest Mountainous Regions[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2011,31(9):2014-2021.
[9] 林 艳.2 386例儿童血铅和血镉测定结果分析[J].中国卫生检验杂志,2010,20(11):3005-3006.
LIN Yan.2 386 Cases of Children's Blood Lead and Blood Cadmium Results Analysis[J].Chinese Journal of HealthLaboratory Technology,2010,20(11):3005-3006.
[10] 杨红玉,王焕校.某些绿藻对镉的富集作用及其毒性反应[J].环境科学学报,1990,10(1):64-72.
YANG Hong-yu,WANG Huan-xiao.Accumulation and Effect of Cadmium on Green Algae[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,1990,10(1):64-72.
[11] 梁君荣,王 军,苏永全,等.四种重金属对中国鲎(Tachypleus tridentatus)胚胎发育的影响[J].生态学报,2001,21(6):1009-1012.
LIANG Jun-rong,WANG Jun,SU Yong-quan,et al.Effects of Metals on Embryodevelopment of Tachypleus Tridentatus[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2001,21(6):1009-1012.
[12] 郎庆成,张 玲,赵 斌,等.重金属污染事件应急处理技术探讨:以广西龙江镉污染事件为例[J].再生资源与循环经济,2012,5(3):39-40.
LANG Qing-cheng,ZHANG Ling,ZHAO Bin,et al.Analysis on Emergency Management of Heavy Metal Pollution Incidents:A Case Study on Guangxi Longjiang Cadmium Pollution[J].Recyclable Resources and Circular Economy,2012,5(3):39-40.
[13] 张永祥.龙江河镉污染分布及迁移研究[D].南宁:广西大学,2018.
ZHANG Yong-xiang.Study on the Distribution and Migration Characteristics of Cadmium in Longjiang River[D].Nanning:Guangxi University,2018.
[14] 程 鹏,李叙勇.洋河流域不同时空水体重金属污染及健康风险评价[J].环境工程学报,2017,11(8):4513-4519.
CHENG Peng,LI Xu-yong.Heavy Metals Pollution and Related Health Risk Assessment of Yang River:Spatial and Temporal Variaion[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering,2017,11(8):4513-4519.
[15] 焦露慧,吴 巍,周孝德,等.资源性缺水地区流域水环境承载力评价模型及其应用[J].水资源与水工程学报,2015,26(6):77-82.
JIAO Lu-hui,WU Wei,ZHOU Xiao-de,et al.Evaluation Model and Application of Water Environmental Carrying Capacity in Basins Short of Water Resources[J].Journal of Water Resources and Water Engineering,2015,26(6):77-82.
[16] 王利军,卢新卫,雷 凯,等.渭河宝鸡段表层沉积物重金属污染研究[J].农业环境科学学报,2011,30(2):334-340.
WANG Li-jun,LU Xin-wei,LEI Kai,et al.Heavy Metal Pollution in Surface Sediment of Wei River(Baoji),China[J].Journal of Agro-environment Science,2011,30(2):334-340.
[17] 汪新生,郭 琦.陕西省重金属污染特征分析[J].中国环境监测,2011,27(4):22-27.
WANG Xin-sheng,GUO Qi.Shaanxi Heavy Metal Pollution Characters Analysis[J].Environmental Monitoring in China,2011,27(4):22-27.
[18] 翟雨翔,卢新卫,黄 静,等.渭河中下游河道沉渭河(咸阳段)表层沉积物中重金属形态分布特征[J].水土保持通报,2009,23(3):145-148.
ZHAI Yu-xiang,LU Xin-wei,HUANG Jing,et al.Distribution of Heavy Metal Speciation in Surface Sediment of Weihe River at Xianyang Section[J].Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation,2009,23(3):145-148.
[19] 杨学福,姚志鹏,王 蕾,等.渭河陕西段表层沉积物重金属污染特征及潜在风险[J].中国环境监测,2017,33(2):61-67.
YANG Xue-fu,YAO Zhi-peng,WANG Lei,et al.Heavy Metal Pollution Characteristics and Potential Ecological Risk in Surface Sediment of Shaanxi Segment of the Weihe River[J].Environmental Monitoring in China,2017,33(2):61-67.
[20] 杨学福,关建玲,和 莹,等.渭河(陕西段)表层沉积物重金属污染现状及其潜在风险研究[J].环境科学与管理,2018,43(8):176-180.
YANG Xue-fu,GUAN Jian-ling,HE Ying,et al.Heavy Metal Pollution Status and Potential Ecological Risk in Surface Sediments of Wei River,Shaanxi[J].Environmental Science and Management,2018,43(8):176-180.
[21] 翟 萌,王利军,雷 凯,等.渭河(杨凌—兴平段)表层沉积物中重金属的粒径分布特征及污染评价[J].西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2010,38(4):94-98,103.
ZHAI Meng,WANG Li-jun,LEI Kai,et al.Particle Size Distribution and Pollution Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediment from Yangling to Xingping Reach of the Wei River[J].Journal of Shaanxi Normal University(Natural Science Edition),2010,38(4):94-98,103.
[22] 雷 凯,卢新卫,王利军,等.渭河西安段表层沉积物重金属元素分布及潜在生态风险评价[J].地质科技情报,2008,27(3):83-87.
LEI Kai,LU Xin-wei,WANG Li-jun,et al.Distribution and Evaluation on Potential Ecological Risk of Heavy Metals in Wei River Surface Sediment of Xi'an[J].Geo-logical Science and Technology Information,2008,27(3):83-87.
[23] 杨小刚,宋进喜,陈 佳,等.渭河陕西段潜流带沉积物重金属变化初步分析[J].环境科学学报,2014,34(8):2051-2061.
YANG Xiao-gang,SONG Jin-xi,CHEN Jia,et al.Vari-ation of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Hyporheic Sedi-ments for the Weihe River of Shaanxi Province[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2014,34(8):2051-2061.
[24] 杨学福,王 蕾,关建玲,等.渭河西咸段表层沉积物重金属赋存形态及风险评价[J].安全与环境学报,2017,17(2):725-729.
YANG Xue-fu,WANG Lei,GUAN Jian-ling,et al.Speciation and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediment of the Xi'an-Xianyang Section of Weihe River[J].Journal of Safety and Environment,2017,17(2):725-729.
[25] 田渭花,王 蕾,关建玲,等.渭河陕西段水体重金属污染现状及其来源探析[J].环境工程技术学报,2017,7(6):684-690.
TIAN Wei-hua,WANG Lei,GUAN Jian-ling,et al.Heavy Metal Pollution and Source Analysis of Weihe River in Shaanxi Province[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2017,7(6):684-690.
[26] 杨学福,王 蕾,关建玲,等.基于多元统计分析的渭河西咸段水质评价[J].环境工程学报,2016,10(3):1560-1565.
YANG Xue-fu,WANG Lei,GUAN Jian-ling,et al.Com-prehensive Assessment of Water Quality in Xi'an-Xianyang Section of Weihe River Based on Multiva-riate Analysis Method[J].Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering,2016,10(3):1560-1565.
[27] 李孝廉,杜新黎,王安林.渭河干流(陕西段)水污染现状及控制对策研究[J].西北大学学报(自然科学版),2008,38(5):823-828.
LI Xiao-lian,DU Xin-li,WANG An-lin.Research on Current Water Contamination and Controlling Strategy of Weihe River's Main Stream[J].Journal of Northwest University(Natural Science Edition),2008,38(5):823-828.
[28] LI J K,LI H E,SHEN B,et al.Effect of Non-point Source Pollution on Water Quality of the Weihe River[J].International Journal of Sediment Research,2011,26(1):50-61.
[29] QIAO J B,ZHU Y J,JIA X X,et al.Distributions of Arsenic and Other Heavy Metals,and Health Risk Assessments for Groundwater in the Guanzhong Plain Region of China[J].Environmental Research,2019,DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2019.108957.
[30] 杨学福,关建玲,王 蕾,等.渭河陕西段水体中重金属的时空动态变化特征研究[J].安全与环境学报,2013,13(6):115-119.
YANG Xue-fu,GUAN Jian-ling,WANG Lei,et al.Spatial and Temporal Variation Features of Heavy Metal Pollutants in the Weihe River in Shaanxi[J].Journal of Safety and Environment,2013,13(6):115-119.
[31] 关建玲,王 蕾,裴晓龙,等.渭河陕西段水体主要污染物变化趋势分析[J].水土保持通报,2012,32(6):51-54,60.
GUAN Jian-ling,WANG Lei,PEI Xiao-long,et al.Trends of Major Pollutants Found in Weihe River in Shaanxi Province[J].Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation,2012,32(6):51-54,60.
[32] 刘荣荣,顾妮娜,李国栋,等.基于单因子标准指数法的浏河水质评价[J].江汉大学学报(自然科学版),2019,47(2):139-145.
LIU Rong-rong,GU Ni-na,LI Guo-dong,et al.Water Quality Assessment of Liuhe River Based on Single-factor Standard Index Method[J].Journal of Jianghan University(Natural Science Edition),2019,47(2):139-145.
[33] 黄奕龙,王仰麟,谭启宇,等.城市饮用水源地水环境健康风险评价及风险管理[J].地学前缘,2006,13(3):162-167.
HUANG Yi-long,WANG Yang-lin,TAN Qi-yu,et al.Environmental Health Risk Assessment and Management for Urban Water Supply Sources[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2006,13(3):162-167.
[34] LI Y L,LIU J L,CAO Z C,et al.Spatial Distribution and Health Risk of Heavy Metals and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAHs)in the Water of the Luanhe River Basin,China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,2010,163(1/2/3/4):1-13.
[35] 杨学福,关建玲,段晋明,等.渭河西安段水体重金属污染现状及其健康风险评价[J].水土保持通报,2014,34(2):152-156,162.
YANG Xue-fu,GUAN Jian-ling,DUAN Jin-ming,et al.Heavy Metal Pollution and Related Health Risk of Weihe River in Xi'an Section[J].Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation,2014,34(2):152-156,162.
[36] 余葱葱,赵委托,高小峰,等.电镀厂周边地表水中重金属分布特征及健康风险评价[J].环境科学,2017,38(3):993-1001.
YU Cong-cong,ZHAO Wei-tuo,GAO Xiao-feng,et al.Distribution Characteristics and Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Surface Water Around Electroplating Factories[J].Environmental Science,2017,38(3):993-1001.
[37] USEPA.Superfund Public Health Evaluation Manual[R].Washington DC:USEPA,1986.
[38] USEPA.Vailable Information on Assessment Exposure from Pesticides in Food[R].Washington DC:USEPA,2000.
[39] KIM E Y,LITTLE J C,CHIU N.Estimating Exposure to Chemical Contaminants in Drinking Water[J].Environmental Science and Technology,2004,38(6):1799-1806.
[40] 王铁军,查学芳,熊威娜,等.贵州遵义高坪水源地岩溶地下水重金属污染健康风险初步评价[J].环境科学研究,2008,21(1):46-50.
WANG Tie-jun,ZHA Xue-fang,XIONG Wei-na,et al.Primary Study of Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Karst Groundwater in Gaoping Area in Zunyi City,Guizhou Province[J].Research of Environmental Sciences,2008,21(1):46-50.
[41] 胡二邦.环境风险评价实用技术和方法[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2000.
HU Er-bang.Practical Techniques and Methods for Environmental Risk Assessment[M].Beijing:China Environmental Science Press,2000.
[42] 郑国璋.农业土壤重金属污染研究的理论与实践[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2007.
ZHENG Guo-zhang.Theory and Practice of Research on Heavy Metal Pollution in Agricultural Soil[M].Beijing:China Environmental Science Press,2007.
[43] 朱 磊,李怀恩,李家科,等.渭河关中段生态基流保障的水质水量响应关系研究[J].环境科学学报,2013,33(3):885-892.
ZHU Lei,LI Huai-en,LI Jia-ke,et al.Response Relationship Between Water Quality and Quantity to Meet the Ecological Base Flow of Shaanxi Section of Wei River[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2013,33(3):885-892.
[44] 陕西省统计局.陕西统计年鉴2019[M].北京:中国统计出版社,2019.
Shaanxi Provincial Bureau of Statistics.Shaanxi Statistical Yearbook 2019[M].Beijing:China Statistics Press,2019.
[45] 王堪甲,周振立.西安市污灌区农业生态环境问题及解决途径[J].农业环境保护,1995,14(2):89-91.
WANG Kan-jia,ZHOU Zhen-li.Problems and Solutions of Agricultural Ecological Environment in Xi'an Sewage Irrigation District[J].Agro-environmental Protection,1995,14(2):89-91.
[46] 和 鑫.西安原污灌区土壤重金属生态风险评价及健康风险评估[D].西安:西北大学,2018.
HE Xin.Ecological Risk Assessment and Health Risk Assessment of Soil Heavy Metals in Xi'an Original Irrigation Area[D].Xi'an:Northwest University,2018.
[47] 李燐楷.咸阳市水资源承载力研究[D].杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2011.
LI Lin-kai.Study on Water Resources Carrying Capacity of Xianyang City[D].Yangling:Northwest A&F University,2011.
[48] GB 3838—2002,地表水环境质量标准[S].
GB 3838—2002,Environmental Quality Standards for Surface Water[S].
[49] 徐友宁,徐冬寅,张江华,等.矿产资源开发中矿山地质环境问题响应差异性研究:以陕西潼关、大柳塔及辽宁阜新矿区为例[J].地球科学与环境学报,2011,33(1):89-94,100.
XU You-ning,XU Dong-yin,ZHANG Jiang-hua,et al.Study on the Difference of Mine Geo-environmental Problem Response to Mineral Resource Exploitation:A Case Study About the Mining Areas in Tongguan and Daliuta of Shaanxi and Fuxin of Liaoning[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2011,33(1):89-94,100.
[50] GB/T 14848—2017,地下水质量标准[S].
GB/T 14848—2017,Standard for Groundwater Quality[S].
[51] 龚丽妍,王 耕.基于灰关联的大连庄河市生态安全评价研究[J].环境科学与管理,2011,36(2):153-157.
GONG Li-yan,WANG Geng.Assessment of Urban Ecological Security in Dalian Zhuanghe City Based on Gray Relational Analysis[J].Environmental Science and Management,2011,36(2):153-157.

相似文献/References:

[1]代杰瑞,王学,董建,等.山东省东部地区土壤重金属污染及其生态环境效应[J].地球科学与环境学报,2012,34(04):74.
 DAI Jie-rui,WANG Xue,DONG Jian,et al.Soil Heavy Metal Pollution and Its Eco-environmental Effect in Eastern Shandong Province[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2012,34(02):74.
[2]陈岭啸,宋垠先,袁旭音,等.长江三角洲典型地区土壤-水稻系统中Cd的分布及其迁移制约因素[J].地球科学与环境学报,2011,33(03):288.
 CHEN Ling-xiao,SONG Yin-xian,YUAN Xu-yin,et al.Distribution of Cd and Impact Factors on the Migration in Soil-rice System in Typical Area of Yangtze River Delta Region[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2011,33(02):288.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-10-24; 修回日期:2020-02-05; 网络首发日期:2020-03-12投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41171061); 陕西省教育厅科学研究计划项目(18JS037); 陕西省高校科协青年人才托举计划项目(20180705); 渭南师范学院博士科研启动基金项目(18ZRRC04)
作者简介:赵 玉(1987-),女,甘肃永昌人,渭南师范学院讲师,理学博士,E-mail:zhaoyu737@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-24