必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 基于城市生态空间土地整治的生物群落构建-《地球科学与环境学报》
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[1]罗林涛,方炜.基于城市生态空间土地整治的生物群落构建[J].地球科学与环境学报,2020,42(02):278-284.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.01019]
 LUO Lin-tao,FANG Wei.Constructing the Biological Community Based on Land Consolidation of Urban Ecological Space[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2020,42(02):278-284.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.01019]
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基于城市生态空间土地整治的生物群落构建(PDF)
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第42卷
期数:
2020年第02期
页码:
278-284
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2020-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Constructing the Biological Community Based on Land Consolidation of Urban Ecological Space
文章编号:
1672-6561(2020)02-0278-07
作者:
罗林涛12方炜1
(1. 陕西省土地工程建设集团有限责任公司,陕西 西安 710075; 2. 自然资源部退化及未利用土地整治工程重点实验室,陕西 西安 710075)
Author(s):
LUO Lin-tao12 FANG Wei1
(1. Shaanxi Provincial Land Engineering Construction Group Co., Ltd., Xi'an 710075, Shaanxi, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation Engineering, Ministry of Natural Resources, Xi'an 710075, Shaanxi, China)
关键词:
土地整治 城市土地 生态修复 生物群落 自然耦合 生态链 景观规划 陕西
Keywords:
land consolidation urban land ecological restoration biological community natural coupling ecological chain landscape planning Shaanxi
分类号:
P66; X24
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2020.01019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着城市生态文明建设步伐加快,城市建设对生态用地的需求日益增加。然而中国城市生态空间土地整治工程建设中存在过度注重美学和视觉效应、盲目引进外来种、植物配置不合理、大面积运用草坪等现象,在城市生态文明建设的同时也引发了很多问题。通过分析生态文明背景下中国城市生态空间规划与建设存在的问题,结合城市土地整治生态空间特点,总结提出了“人+植物”群落城市土地整治生态修复基础理论,并以陕西省渭南市渭东新城综合整治项目为例,重点阐述了城市土地整治过程中生态空间群落构建的方法要点和具体思路。结果表明:在城市土地整治修复和生态空间建设中,重点利用本土植物群落特性,构建复层植物群落; 丰富区域生物多样性,打造平衡的生态链; 充分考虑人与自然的耦合关系,并以“人+植物”群落为单位与城市设施、人类活动、环境承载力综合考虑设计城市生态景观,最终可以构建优美、可持续的城市生态空间。
Abstract:
With the acceleration of urban ecological civilization construction, the demand of ecological land for urban construction is increasing. However, in the construction of urban ecological space in China, a series of problems are raised, including overemphasizing aesthetic and visual function, blind introducing exotic species, unreasonable plant configurating, overplanting lawns and so on, which also cause lots of problems in urban ecological civilization construction. By analyzing the existing problems of the planning and construction of urban ecological space in China under the background of ecological civilization, and combined with the characteristics of ecological space of urban land consolidation, the basic theory of land consolidation and ecological restoration in the core of “human+plant” community was summarized. Meanwhile, by taking Weidong New Town comprehensive consolidation project in Weinan city of Shaanxi province as an example, the key points and specific practice of the construction methods of urban biological community were expounded. The results show that in urban land consolidation and construction of ecological space, some measurements including making use of the native plants to construct the complex plant community, enriching regional biodiversity to build a balanced ecological chain, fully considering the coupling relationship of mankind and nature, as well as comprehensive consideration designing the urban ecological landscape by “human+plant” community as unit integrated with urban facilities, human activities and environmental bearing, are effective for constructing a beautiful and sustainable urban ecological space.

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相似文献/References:

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[2]李朋瑶,李学东,宇振荣*.土地综合整治生态景观营造对策[J].地球科学与环境学报,2020,42(03):366.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.02034]
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-01-15; 修回日期:2020-03-04; 网络首发日期:2020-03-18投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:陕西省重点研发计划项目(2019SF-245)
作者简介:罗林涛(1977-),男,陕西凤翔人,陕西省土地工程建设集团有限责任公司研究员,工学博士,E-mail:12600357@qq.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-24