必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 基于非参数乘法回归模型的农业景观步甲空间分布模拟-《地球科学与环境学报》
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[1]丰思捷,贾 强,陈宝雄,等.基于非参数乘法回归模型的农业景观步甲空间分布模拟[J].地球科学与环境学报,2021,43(05):897-907.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2021.03029]
 FENG Si-jie,JIA Qiang,CHEN Bao-xiong,et al.Simulation on the Spatial-distribution of Ground Beetles in Agro-landscape Based on Non-parametric Multiplicative Regression Model[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2021,43(05):897-907.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2021.03029]
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第43卷
期数:
2021年第05期
页码:
897-907
栏目:
水资源与环境
出版日期:
2021-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Simulation on the Spatial-distribution of Ground Beetles in Agro-landscape Based on Non-parametric Multiplicative Regression Model
文章编号:
1672-6561(2021)05-0897-11
作者:
丰思捷1贾 强1陈宝雄2张旭珠3王海锋1刘云慧14*
(1. 中国农业大学 资源与环境学院,北京 100193; 2. 农业农村部农业生态与资源保护总站,北京 100125; 3. 河北工程大学 园林与生态工程学院,河北 邯郸 056038; 4. 中国农业大学 生物多样性与有机农业北京市重点实验室,北京 100193)
Author(s):
FENG Si-jie1 JIA Qiang1 CHEN Bao-xiong2 ZHANG Xu-zhu3 WANG Hai-feng1 LIU Yun-hui14*
(1. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; 2. Rural Energy and Environment Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100125, China; 3. School of Landscape and Ecological Engineering, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056038, Hebei, China; 4. Beijing Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Organic Farming, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China)
关键词:
景观结构 步甲 物种多样性 非参数乘法回归模型 模型预测 物种分布 半自然生境 北京
Keywords:
landscape structure ground beetle species diversity non-parametric multiplicative regression model model prediction species distribution semi-natural habitat Beijing
分类号:
P901; X176
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2021.03029
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
农业生产引起的景观变化是导致生物多样性丧失的重要原因,为评估农业景观结构变化对物种多样性的影响,探索农业景观物种空间模拟的方法,研究应用非参数乘法回归(NPMR)模型结合田间步甲取样数据,分析了步甲群落多样性、主要物种存在/不存在与取样点周围边长为200 m景观内景观结构之间的关系,建立研究区物种-景观分布预测模型,结合地理信息系统(GIS)技术建立研究区群落/物种空间分布预测图。结果表明:在群落水平上,景观结构对步甲群落多样性的影响不显著; 在物种水平上,黄斑青步甲(Chlaenius micans)、淡鞘婪步甲(Harpalus pallidipennis)受斑块密度的影响显著(p<0.05),黄斑青步甲后斑青步甲(Chlaenius posticalis)和单齿婪步甲(Harpalus simplicide)受半自然生境类型数的影响显著(p<0.05),单齿蝼步甲(Scarites terricola)受半自然生境比例的影响显著(p<0.05),而蠋步甲(Dolichus halensis)受景观结构的影响较为复杂。通过模型预测,输出研究区域6个主要物种的空间分布模拟图,进一步分析发现在研究区域内,对景观结构较为敏感的6个步甲物种主要分布在农田与半自然生境相接的狭长地带。因此,利用非参数乘法回归模型可以很好地模拟步甲物种对农田景观结构的响应及其在景观中的空间分布变化。200 m×200 m尺度下,尽管步甲群落多样性不受景观结构的显著影响,但是存在部分步甲物种对景观结构响应显著,但不同物种对景观结构的响应不同。增加农田地块间半自然生境,并合理改善景观配置异质性将有利于对景观结构变化敏感步甲物种的维持。
Abstract:
Landscape changes caused by agricultural production are important cause of biodiversity loss. In order to assess the impact of changes in agricultural landscape structure on species diversity and explore methods for spatial simulation of species in agricultural landscapes, based on field carabid sampling data, the non-parametric multiplicative regression(NPMR)model was applied to analyze the relationship between the diversity of carabid assemblages, present/absent of dominant species and landscape structure within 200 m surrounding the sampling site, respectively. Then, the landscape structure-species distribution prediction model of the study region was established, and the assemblage/species spatial distribution prediction map of the study region was simulated by combining GIS technology. The results show that landscape structure has no effect on biodiversity of ground beetle assemblages at community levels; at the species level, Chlaenius micans, Harpalus pallidipennis are significantly affected by patch density(p<0.05), Chlaenius micans, Chlaenius posticalis, Harpalus simplicide are significantly affected by number of semi-natural habitat types(p<0.05), and Scarites terricola is significantly affected by the ratio of semi-natural habitat(p<0.05), while the Dolichus halensis is more complicated by the landscape structure. Through the model prediction, the spatial distribution simulation map of the 6 main species in the study region are output, and further analysis shows that the 6 species sensitive to landscape structure in the study region tend to present at the narrow area between farmland and semi-natural land. In summary, the NPMR model could be effective to project the responses of species to farmland landscape structure and their spatial distribution changes in the landscape. Although ground beetle assemblages are not impacted by landscape structure at 200 m×200 m landscape scale, ground beetle species have different responses to landscape structure. Increasing semi-natural habitats among maize fields and improving the landscape configuration heterogeneity would be beneficial to the conservation of ground beetle species, which are significantly influenced by landscape structure.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-03-17; 修回日期:2021-07-28投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30800150)
作者简介:丰思捷(1997-),女,山西朔州人,理学硕士研究生,E-mail:Feng_sj_xy@126.com。
*通讯作者:刘云慧(1977-),女,云南罗平人,副教授,博士研究生导师,理学博士,E-mail:liuyh@cau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-09-30