必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 四川芦山地震灾害调查与灾后重建的相关问题分析-《地球科学与环境学报》
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[1]谢和平,邓建辉,李碧雄.四川芦山地震灾害调查与灾后重建的相关问题分析[J].地球科学与环境学报,2013,35(02):1-7.
 XIE He-ping,DENG Jian-hui,LI Bi-xiong.Investigation of Lushan Earthquake Disasters and Analysis of Related Problems During Post-quake Reconstruction in Sichuan[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2013,35(02):1-7.
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四川芦山地震灾害调查与灾后重建的相关问题分析(PDF)
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第35卷
期数:
2013年第02期
页码:
1-7
栏目:
院士专稿
出版日期:
2013-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation of Lushan Earthquake Disasters and Analysis of Related Problems During Post-quake Reconstruction in Sichuan
文章编号:
1672-6561(2013)02-0001-07
作者:
谢和平邓建辉李碧雄
四川大学水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室,四川 成都 610065
Author(s):
XIE He-ping DENG Jian-hui LI Bi-xiong
State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, Sichuan, China
关键词:
芦山地震地震灾害崩塌滑坡房屋震损灾后重建泥石流
Keywords:
Lushan earthquake earthquake-induced hazard rockfall landslide residential housing damage post-quake reconstruction debris flow
分类号:
P315.9;TU982
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
2013年4月20日四川省芦山县发生Ms7.0级地震,发震断层为龙门山前山断裂,即大川—双石断裂。这是继2008年汶川地震后发生在龙门山断裂带的又一次强震。自4月25日起,笔者先后3次前往地震灾区进行地震灾害调查。本文小结主要的地震灾害情况,并简要讨论了灾后重建可能面临的问题。结果表明:相对于汶川地震,芦山地震的灾害相对较轻;沿发震断裂未发现明显的地表破裂带;崩塌滑坡的总体规模较小,也未出现明显的堰塞湖;滑坡点主要沿发震断层分布,岩性以三叠系上统须家河组地层为主;崩塌点主要出现在河流的峡谷段,岩性以砾岩为主,少量为侵入岩;建筑物损坏严重的基本上为砖木结构以及无圈梁或构造柱的砖混结构民居;灾后重建面临的主要地质灾害问题是主要公路的崩塌灾害以及宝兴县城的泥石流防治。
Abstract:

In April 20, 2013, a strong earthquake measured Ms 7.0 hitted Lushan county, Sichuan province, which was induced by Longmenshan front fault, i.e. Dachuan-Shuangshi fault. It was the second large earthquake occurred along Longmenshan fault zone since Wenchuan earthquake in 2008. From April 25 on, the authors made three field visits to the quake-hit area. The disasters were summarized, and the potential problems during post-quake reconstruction were discussed. The results showed that compared with Wenchuan earthquake, the quake-induced disasters were lighter; no obvious surface ruptures were ever witnessed along the quake-inducing fault; both landslide and rockfall happened in small scale, so no large barrier lake was ever formed; landslide distributed along the seismogenic fault, and the rock types were Xujiahe Formation of Upper Triassic; rockfall appeared mainly in the gorge segment of rivers, and the rock types were mainly conglomerate and secondly intrusive rock; severe building damages were mainly brick-wood structured residential housings or brick-concrete-structured ones without constructional columns or ring beams; the major geohazard problems during post-quake reconstruction were rockfalls along major roads and debris flow in Baxing county town.

参考文献/References:

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相似文献/References:

[1]王运生,全清,罗永红,等.四川芦山Ms7.0级地震的地质环境影响分析[J].地球科学与环境学报,2013,35(02):92.
 WANG Yun-sheng,QUAN Qing,LUO Yong-hong,et al.Geological Environmental Influence of Lushan Ms7.0 Earthquake in Sichuan[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2013,35(02):92.
[2]张红艳,谢富仁,崔效锋.四川芦山地震区域构造环境与构造应力场特征[J].地球科学与环境学报,2013,35(02):99.
 ZHANG Hong-yan,XIE Fu-ren,CUI Xiao-feng.Regional Characteristics of Tectonic Stress Field and Tectonic Setting of Lushan Earthquake in Sichuan[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2013,35(02):99.
[3]王伟锋,卿艳彬,朱传华,等.横断层作用下汶川地震与芦山地震发震机制新探[J].地球科学与环境学报,2014,36(03):102.
 WANG Wei-feng,QING Yan-bin,ZHU Chuan-hua,et al.New Viewpoints of the Seismogenic Mechanism of Wenchuan and Lushan Earthquakes Under the Action of Transverse Fault[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2014,36(02):102.
[4]熊林,何建坤,潘正洋,等.汶川地震和芦山地震对青藏高原东缘主要活动断层应力变化的影响[J].地球科学与环境学报,2014,36(03):113.
 XIONG Lin,HE Jian-kun,PAN Zheng-yang,et al.Effects of Wenchuan and Lushan Earthquakes on the Changes of Stress of Main Active Tectonics in the Eastern Edge of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2014,36(02):113.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-06-02
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(“九七三”计划)项目(2011CB201201);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAK10B07);国家自然科学基金项目(51079093)
作者简介:谢和平(1956-),,湖南双峰人,教授,博士研究生导师,中国工程院院士,E-mail:xiehp@scu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-06-20