必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 高速远程滑坡动力学研究进展-《地球科学与环境学报》
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[1]王玉峰,林棋文,李 坤,等.高速远程滑坡动力学研究进展[J].地球科学与环境学报,2021,43(01):164-181.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.10001]
 WANG Yu-feng,LIN Qi-wen,LI Kun,et al.Review on Rock Avalanche Dynamics[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2021,43(01):164-181.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.10001]
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第43卷
期数:
2021年第01期
页码:
164-181
栏目:
工程地质
出版日期:
2021-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review on Rock Avalanche Dynamics
作者:
王玉峰12林棋文1李 坤1史安文1李天话1程谦恭12*
(1. 西南交通大学 地质工程系,四川 成都 611756; 2. 西南交通大学 高速铁路运营安全空间信息技术国家地方联合工程实验室,四川 成都 611756)
Author(s):
WANG Yu-feng12 LIN Qi-wen1 LI Kun1 SHI An-wen1 LI Tian-hua1 CHENG Qian-gong12*
(1. Department of Geological Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, Sichuan, China; 2. State-province Joint Engineering Laboratory of Spatial Information Technology for High-speed Railway Safety, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, Sichuan, China)
关键词:
高速远程滑坡 研究进展 沉积学特征 动力学机理 研究现状 发展趋势 关键科学问题
Keywords:
Key words: rock avalanche review sedimentary characteristic dynamical mechanism present status developing trend key scientific issue
分类号:
P694; P642.22
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2020.10001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
高速远程滑坡动力学机理研究一直是国际地质灾害领域长期关注的热点与前沿性科学。通过对已有研究成果的系统性梳理,对高速远程滑坡动力学研究现状进行了概略性述评,厘定了本文所讨论的高速远程滑坡的定义,阐述了高速远程滑坡的典型沉积学特征,并对国内外学者提出的最有影响、最有地质证据支持的高速滑坡远程运动机理——摩擦生热减阻、滑带液化减阻、动力破碎减阻、底部裹挟减阻、剪切振动减阻、动量传递远程进行了论述。在此基础上,分析与讨论了高速远程滑坡动力学研究的发展趋势,提出今后研究所面临的深层次科学问题,并提出未来应进一步重点研究的关键科学问题在于速率相依摩阻弱化机理、破碎渐进相变耗能机理、过程相依波动减阻机理等。
Abstract:
Rock avalanche dynamics are always research hotspots and frontier issues in the field of geological disasters over the world. Through a systematic review of the representative achievements in this field, the present status of rock avalanche were reviewed briefly, a further definition on rock avalanche discussed here was given, and a detailed description on the typical sedimentary structures of rock avalanches was conducted. Then, a review on these most influential hypotheses of rock avalanche hypermobility supported by geological evidences was carried out, including frictional heating, shear liquefaction, dynamic fragmentation, substrate entrainment, self-excited vibration, and momentum transfer. On these bases, the developing trends on rock avalanche dynamics were analyzed and discussed with the deep scientific issues facing in the future research being put forward. Meanwhile, some key scientific issues were proposed, including velocity-dependent frictional weakening mechanisms, energy dissipation mechanisms of fragmentation-dependent phase transformation, and process-dependent vibrational weakening mechanisms.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-10-02; 修回日期:2020-12-29投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41877226,41877237,41761144080,41530639)
作者简介:王玉峰(1986-),女,山东临朐人,副研究员,工学博士,E-mail:wangyufeng@swjtu.edu.cn。
*通讯作者:程谦恭(1962-),男,甘肃静宁人,教授,博士研究生导师,理学博士,1979~1983年在西安地质学院(现长安大学)矿产普查与勘探专业攻读学士学位,1984~1987年在西安地质学院(现长安大学)构造地质专业攻读硕士学位,1987~1998年在西安工程学院(现长安大学)先后任讲师、副教授(期间在职攻读博士学位),E-mail:chengqiangong@swjtu.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-03-10