必须声明标量变量 "@Script_ID"。 页岩气资源潜力评价的几个关键问题讨论-《地球科学与环境学报》
|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]侯读杰,包书景,毛小平,等.页岩气资源潜力评价的几个关键问题讨论[J].地球科学与环境学报,2012,34(03):7-16.
 HOU Du-jie,BAO Shu-jing,MAO Xiao-ping,et al.Discussion on the Key Issues of Resource Potential Evaluation for Shale Gas[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2012,34(03):7-16.
点击复制

页岩气资源潜力评价的几个关键问题讨论(PDF)
分享到:

《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第34卷
期数:
2012年第03期
页码:
7-16
栏目:
基础地质与矿产地质
出版日期:
2012-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Discussion on the Key Issues of Resource Potential Evaluation for Shale Gas
作者:
侯读杰12包书景3毛小平12陈新军3马宁1张小涛1杨光庆1孙超1
1.中国地质大学北京能源学院,北京 100083; 2.中国地质大学北京海相储层演化与油气富集机理 教育部重点实验室,北京 100083; 3.中国石油化工股份有限公司 石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083
Author(s):
HOU Du-jie12 BAO Shu-jing3 MAO Xiao-ping12 CHEN Xin-jun3 MA Ning1 ZHANG Xiao-tao1 YANG Guang-qing1 SUN Chao1
1. School of Energy Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Key Laboratoryof Marine Reservoir Evolution and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Mechanism of Ministry of Education, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China; 3. Exploration and Production Research Institute, Sinopec, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
页岩气 资源评价 泥页岩 含气系统 层段 总有机碳 镜质体反射率 开采系数
Keywords:
shale gas resource evaluation clay shale gas-bearing system section total organic carbon vitrinite reflectance recoverable coefficient
分类号:
P618.12; TE122
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
综合国内外的页岩气研究现状,认为页岩气是未来重要的补充能源,但其发展尚需要大量的工作; 中国学者对页岩气的概念和资源评价方法的认识逐渐趋向于统一,关注的泥页岩评价指标主要是总有机碳、成熟度、连续厚度和泥页岩中脆性矿物含量。在对页岩气的定义进行限定的基础上,提出了含气泥页岩层段和泥页岩含气系统的概念,应用这种概念更有利于页岩气的资源评价和开发。除了常规的泥页岩评价指标外,应对泥页岩层段和系统中顶、底板的研究给予高度重视; 提出了顶、底板主要特征,特别是不渗透岩层能封堵泥页岩中形成的天然气。在页岩气资源量计算中,应考虑到烃源岩纵横向上的非均质性,应用权重系数考虑不同厚度烃源岩的有机质丰度参数; 同时,提出了一种新的泥页岩含气系统纵向单元精细划分方法。由于国内对页岩气中吸附气和游离气的测试方法尚不统一,对同一样品测试结果相差较大,缺乏相应的分析测试标准,因此提出了按照泥页岩总有机碳含量及氢指数确定含气量的方法; 该方法尽管结果不一定很精确,但对于目前测试数据误差较大或缺乏的情况,能提供重要参考。页岩气资源评价总体上应兼顾评价方法的科学性、合理性、可靠性和可操作性; 依据勘探程度选择评价方法,分类评价与分级评价相统一。最后,建议采用镜质体反射率与总有机碳的乘积和开采系数的关系图,来预测开采系数。
Abstract:
According to the review on shale gas, it is believed that shale gas is important additional energy in future, but the development still needed a lot of work; the scholars' outlook on concept of shale gas and resource evaluation method gradually reach unanimity in China, and the evaluating indicators of clay shale focused are mainly total organic carbon, maturity, continuous thickness and content of brittle mineral in clay shale. The concepts of gas-bearing clay shale section and clay shale gas-bearing system were suggested based on the limited definition of shale gas, and the application was more favorable to the resource evolution and development of shale gas. Besides the normal evolution indicator of clay shale, the study on the top and floor of slay shale section and system was very important; the main features of top and floor were introduced, especially the impermeable terrane could seal the gas from clay shale. For the calculation of resource amount of shale gas, the inhomogeneity of hydrocarbon source rock in vertical and horizontal directions should be considered, and the abundance of organic matter of hydrocarbon source rock with different thicknesses was considered with the application of weight coefficient; meantime, a new method to subtly divide the vertical unit of clay shale gas-bearing system was proposed. Because the test methods of adsorbed and free gases were not yet uniform in China, the test results for the same sample were different and the corresponding analysis test standard was shortage, so that a new method for calculating gas content was proposed according to the total organic carbon and hydrogen index of clay shale; the result calculated by the new method might not be very accurate, but it was important under the condition of measurement data with error significantly or shortage. Characteristics of resource evolution of shale gas could include scientificity, rationality, reliability and operability; evaluation method was selected according to the degree of exploration, and classification evaluation was integrated with grade evaluation. The relation diagram between recoverable coefficient and the product of vitrinite reflectance and total organic carbon was recommended to predict the recoverable coefficient.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张金川,金之钧,袁明生.页岩气成藏机理和分布[J].天然气工业,2004,24(7),15-18. ZHANG Jin-chuan,JIN Zhi-jun,YUAN Ming-sheng.Reservoiring Mechanism of Shale Gas and Its Distribution[J].Natural Gas Industry,2004,24(7):15-18.
[2] 陈尚斌,朱炎铭,王红岩,等.中国页岩气研究现状与发展趋势[J].石油学报,2010,31(4):689-694. CHEN Shang-bin,ZHU Yan-ming,WANG Hong-yan,et al.Research Status and Trends of Shale Gas in China[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2010,31(4):689-694.
[3] 徐国盛,徐志星,段 亮,等.页岩气研究现状及发展趋势[J].成都理工大学学报:自然科学版,2011,38(6):603-610. XU Guo-sheng,XU Zhi-xing,DUAN Liang,et al.Status and Development Tendency of Shale Gas Research[J]. Journal of Chengdu University of Technology:Science and Technology Edition,2011,38(6):603-610.
[4] 范昌育,王震亮.页岩气富集与高产的地质因素和过程[J].石油实验地质,2010,32(5):465-469. FAN Chang-yu,WANG Zhen-liang.Geological Factors and Process in Enrichment and High Production of Shale Gas[J].Petroleum Geology and Experiment,2010,32(5):465-469.
[5] 页岩气地质与勘探开发实践丛书编委会.北美地区页岩气勘探开发新进展[M].北京:石油工业出版社,2009. Editorial Committee of Shale Gas Geology Exploration and Development Series.New Development of Shale Gas Exploration and Development in North American[M].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2009.
[6] 页岩气地质与勘探开发实践丛书编委会.中国页岩气地质研究进展[M].北京:石油工业出版社,2011. Editorial Committee of Shale Gas Geology Exploration and Development Series.Development of Shale Gas Geology in China[M].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2011.
[7] 邹才能.非常规天然气地质[M]. 北京:地质出版社,2011. ZOU Cai-neng.Unconventional Petroleum Geology[M].Beijing: Geology Publishing House,2011.
[8] 孙赞东,贾承造,李相方.非常规油气勘探与开发[M].北京:石油工业出版社,2011. SUN Zan-dong,JIA Cheng-zao,LI Xiang-fang.Unconventioal Petroleum Exploration and Development[M].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2011.
[9] 李延钧,刘 欢,刘家霞,等.页岩气地质选区及资源潜力评价方法[J].西南石油大学学报:自然科学版,2011,33(2):28-34. LI Yan-jun,LIU Huan,LIU Jia-xia,et al.Geological Regional Selection and an Evaluation Method of Resource Potential of Shale Gas[J].Journal of Southwest Petroleum University:Science and Technology Edition,2011,33(2):28-34.
[10] 赵靖舟,方朝强,张 洁,等.由北美页岩气勘探开发看我国页岩气选区评价[J].西安石油大学学报:自然科学版,2011,26(2):1-7. ZHAO Jing-zhou,FANG Chao-qiang,ZHANG Jie,et al.Evaluation of China Shale Gas from the Exploration and Development of North America Shale Gas[J].Journal of Xi'an Shiyou University:Natural Science Edition,2011,26(2):1-7.
[11] HARTMAN R C,LASSELL P,BHATTA N.Recent Advances in the Analytical Methods Used for Shale Gas Reservoir Gas-in-place Assessment[R].San Antonio:AAPG,2008.
[12] BUSTIN R M.Comparative Analyses of Producing Gas Shales:Rethinking Methodologies of Characterizing Gas-in-place in Gas Shales[C]∥LUFHOLM P,COX D.2005 WTGS Fall Symposium.Midland:West Texas Geological Society,2005:39.
[13] 陈昭年.石油与天然气地质学[M].北京:地质出版社,2005. CHEN Zhao-nian.Petroleum Geology[M].Beijing: Geology Publishing House,2005.
[14] 侯读杰,冯子辉.油气地球化学[M].北京:石油工业出版社,2011. HOU Du-jie,FENG Zi-hui.Petroleum Geochemistry[M].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2011.
[15] 王飞宇,贺志勇,孟晓辉,等.页岩气赋存形式和初始原地气量(OGIP)预测技术[J].天然气地球科学,2011,22(3):501-510. WANG Fei-yu,HE Zhi-yong,MENG Xiao-hui,et al.Occurrence of Shale Gas and Prediction of Original Gas-in-place(OGIP)[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2011,22(3):501-510.

相似文献/References:

[1]妥进才,张明峰,吴陈君,等.原位油气藏特征、形成机制及其资源潜力[J].地球科学与环境学报,2013,35(02):67.
 TUO Jin-cai,ZHANG Ming-feng,WU Chen-jun,et al.Characteristic and Forming Mechanism of Oil-gas Trap in Source Strata and Its Resource Potential[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2013,35(03):67.
[2]曹环宇,朱传庆,邱楠生.川东地区下志留统龙马溪组热演化[J].地球科学与环境学报,2015,37(06):22.
 CAO Huan-yu,ZHU Chuan-qing,QIU Nan-sheng.Thermal Evolution of Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the Eastern Sichuan Basin[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2015,37(03):22.
[3]方少之,贾东,苑京文.下扬子地区志留系高家边组沉积时代及页岩气潜力[J].地球科学与环境学报,2018,40(01):24.
 FANG Shao-zhi,JIA Dong,YUAN Jing-wen.Sedimentary Age and Potential of Shale Gas from Silurian Gaojiabian Formation in Lower Yangtze Region[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2018,40(03):24.
[4]夏军,吴霞*.页岩气开发的水资源与绿色发展面临的机遇与挑战[J].地球科学与环境学报,2021,43(02):205.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.09015]
 XIA Jun,WU Xia*.Opportunities and Challenges Facing the Water Resources and Green Development of Shale Gas Exploration[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2021,43(03):205.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2020.09015]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-03-28
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40972097)
作者简介:侯读杰(1964-),男,河南唐河人,教授,博士研究生导师,工学博士,E-mail:hdj@cugb.edu.cn。

更新日期/Last Update: 2012-09-20