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[1]庄思蝶,周晓成*,李鹏飞,等.新疆塔什库尔干断裂带温泉环境地球化学特征[J].地球科学与环境学报,2022,44(04):699-712.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2021.11028]
 ZHUANG Si-die,ZHOU Xiao-cheng*,LI Peng-fei,et al.Environmental Hydrogeochemical Characteristics of Hot Springs in Tashkurgan Fault Zone of Xinjiang, China[J].Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment,2022,44(04):699-712.[doi:10.19814/j.jese.2021.11028]
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《地球科学与环境学报》[ISSN:1672-6561/CN:61-1423/P]

卷:
第44卷
期数:
2022年第04期
页码:
699-712
栏目:
水资源与水文地质
出版日期:
2022-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Environmental Hydrogeochemical Characteristics of Hot Springs in Tashkurgan Fault Zone of Xinjiang, China
文章编号:
1672-6561(2022)04-0699-14
作者:
庄思蝶12周晓成2*李鹏飞3史浙明1赛买尔那吉?喀依木4朱成英4颜玉聪2
(1. 中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院,北京 100083; 2. 中国地震局地震预测研究所 高压物理与地震科学联合实验室(中国地震局地震预测重点实验室),北京 100036; 3. 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院,北京 100083; 4. 新疆维吾尔自治区地震局,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011)
Author(s):
ZHUANG Si-die12 ZHOU Xiao-cheng2* LI Peng-fei3 SHI Zhe-ming1 Saimai'ernaiji KAYIMU4 ZHU Cheng-ying4 YAN Yu-cong2
(1. School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China; 2. United Laboratory of High-pressure Physics and Earthquake Science(Key Laboratory of Earthquake Prediction), Institute of Earthquake Forecasting, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China; 3. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China; 4. Earthquake Administration of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China)
关键词:
水化学 氢氧同位素 锶同位素 热储温度 WQI指数 温泉 水岩平衡 新疆
Keywords:
hydrogeochemistry H-O isotopes Sr isotope thermal storage temperature water quality index hot spring water-rock equilibrium Xinjiang
分类号:
X142; P641.3
DOI:
10.19814/j.jese.2021.11028
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
水文地球化学方法是研究温泉水成因和评价温泉水资源的有效手段。选用2018年9月在新疆塔什库尔干断裂带内采集的6个温泉水样,根据主量和微量元素浓度以及氢氧、锶同位素进行水化学特征分析,并利用WQI指数进行水质评估。结果表明:①温泉水整体呈碱性,矿化度平均值为1 036.13 mg·L-1,水化学类型为HCO3-Ca、HCO3-Na、SO4-Na等3种,富集因子说明区域变质角闪岩、碱性片麻岩和侵入花岗岩对微量元素含量特征起控制作用; ②温泉水的氢氧同位素组成均分布在大气降水线附近,指示补给来源主要为大气降水,补给高程为4.3~5.6 km,符合高原干旱—半干旱气候下的蒸发作用特征; 循环深度为1.4~2.1 km,属于断裂带控热控水的循环型温泉; ③主量元素水质评价结果表明本次采集的温泉水样均不适合直接作为生活饮用水和农业用水,F-浓度超标; 微量元素水质评价结果表明WQI指数介于1类和3类之间,整体水质较为原始,但公格尔和马尔洋温泉水样出现局部B和As浓度空间分布高值,部分温泉水Li、Fe、F浓度及温度达到了医疗热泉标准,具有理疗和保健功效。
Abstract:
Hydrogeochemical method is effective for studying the genesis of hot spring water and evaluating hot spring water resources. Six hot spring water samples collected from the Tashkurgan fault zone in Xinjiang in September, 2018 were selected. According to the concentration of major and trace elements, as well as H-O and Sr isotopes, the characteristics of hydrogeochemistry were analyzed, and the comprehensive water quality index(WQI)was used for water quality assessment. The results show that ① the spring water is generally alkaline with an average TDS of 1 036.13 mg·L-1; the chemical types of hot spring water are HCO3-Ca, HCO3-Na, and SO4-Na; the enrichment factor explains the control effect of regional metamorphic amphibolite, alkaline gneiss and intrusive granite on the characteristics of trace element content; ② the H-O isotopic compositions of spring water all distribute near the precipitation line, indicating that the recharge source is mainly meteoric water, and the recharge altitude is 4.3-5.6 km, which is consistent with the characteristics of evaporation in the arid and semi-arid climate of the plateau; the circulation depth is 1.4-2.1 km, which belongs to the circulating hot spring controlling heat and water in fault zone; ③ the water quality evaluation of major element shows that the collected hot spring water samples are not suitable for drinking water and agricultural water, and the F- concentration in the hot spring exceeds the standard; the water quality evaluation of trace element shows that the water quality identification index between 1 and 3 classes, the overall water quality is relatively primitive, but the local spatial distributions of B and As concentrations of Gongge'er and Ma'eryang hot springs are high, Li, Fe and F concentrations and water temperature of part hot springs reach the standard for medical hot springs, have effect of physical therapy and health care. The research results provide data support for geothermal research in Tashkurgan fault zone, and are of great significance for sustainable development and protection of local hot spring resources.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-11-13; 修回日期:2022-01-14投稿网址:http:∥jese.chd.edu.cn/
基金项目:中国地震局地震预测研究所基本科研业务费项目(CEAIEF2022030205,CEAIEF20220507,CEAIEF20220213,2021IEF0101,2021IEF1201); 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1500501-05,2019YFC1509203); 国家自然科学基金项目(41673106,42073063,4193000170)
作者简介:庄思蝶(1999-),女,河南漯河人,中国地质大学(北京)工学硕士研究生,E-mail:zhuangsidie@163.com。
*通讯作者:周晓成(1978-),男,新疆玛纳斯人,研究员,理学博士,E-mail:zhouxiaocheng188@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-07-30